Mexico Notes 2-21 to present

Mexico Notes 2-21 to present - POL454 Notes Francisco I...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
POL454 Notes 2/21/08 Francisco I. Madero – father of revolution, which started November 20, 1910. Influenced by the “old regime” (Porfirato). He never agreed with Zapata over what to revolt against. He was a great orator and politician, but a terrible administrator. In May 1911, he took control over Mexico City but refused to take the title of president. He wanted to wait to take the title of president until he was elected, but it was too late for many people. He was assassinated in 1913. Pascual Orozco – general that helped Madero become president and overthrew Diaz. Influenced by the “old regime” (Porfirato). Francico “Poncho” Villa – legend of bandit-turned-general Emiliano Zapata – leader of the peasants and commander of southern army; revolted against Diaz in 1909. He never agreed with Madero over what to revolt against (wanted land and control over it). Veustiano Carranza – senator during Porfiriato, governor, and became leader of revolutionary forces in 1913 after Madero was assassinated. Influenced by the “old regime” (Porfirato). He never felt that Zapata was a threat to the revolution and made him the leader of the Army of the South. He handed out a lot of titles (see the four different armies/division below). Alvaro Obregon – hacendado from Sonoran mining town that was squeezed out in Porfirato period, but gained fortune back during Madero period from chick peas. He had a connection with peasants. He was a charismatic and natural leader. Influenced by the “old regime” (Porfirato). Plutarco E. Calles – schoolteacher from Sonora that joined revolutionary forces and rised up in the ranks to become a general in 1912. Influenced by “the new regime” (not the Porfiriato). Victoriano Huerta – Became head of the army as the 12 tragic days began. Became president of Mexico in 1913 after Madero was assassinated. He was overthrown by the second revolution. He is the number one villain in Mexican history. He’s a very 19 th - century personality (like Carranza and Madero) that was influenced by the Porfiriato. 12 tragic days – army forces missed targets (presidential palace) and many civilians died, although the army was never injured. Army of the Northeast – led by General Pablo Gonzalez (executed in 1923) Army of the Northwest – led by Obregon and Calles Division of the North – led by Poncho Villa. It had the most soldiers of the four groups, but divisions are typically part of armies (and armies are made by divisions). There was a conflict between the hierarchy because usually the person with the most troops is the higher up. Carranza looked down on Villa and Villa hated Carranza for being a part of the old regime. He snubbed Villa by making him head of a division instead of an army. It influenced the second part of the revolution Army of the South – led by Emiliano Zapata 1913-14 was a race between the Villistas and Carranzistas (and Gonzalistas) down the railroad lines toward Mexico City. There were a series of battles (Chihuahua, Gomez Palacio, and Torreon). Villa’s legend started here because everyone was “aiming” at him
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern