Mexico Notes 2-21 to present

Mexico Notes 2-21 to present - POL454 Notes 2/21/08...

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POL454 Notes 2/21/08 Francisco I. Madero – father of revolution, which started November 20, 1910. Influenced by the “old regime” (Porfirato). He never agreed with Zapata over what to revolt against. He was a great orator and politician, but a terrible administrator. In May 1911, he took control over Mexico City but refused to take the title of president. He wanted to wait to take the title of president until he was elected, but it was too late for many people. He was assassinated in 1913. Pascual Orozco – general that helped Madero become president and overthrew Diaz. Influenced by the “old regime” (Porfirato). Francico “Poncho” Villa – legend of bandit-turned-general Emiliano Zapata – leader of the peasants and commander of southern army; revolted against Diaz in 1909. He never agreed with Madero over what to revolt against (wanted land and control over it). Veustiano Carranza – senator during Porfiriato, governor, and became leader of revolutionary forces in 1913 after Madero was assassinated. Influenced by the “old regime” (Porfirato). He never felt that Zapata was a threat to the revolution and made him the leader of the Army of the South. He handed out a lot of titles (see the four different armies/division below). Alvaro Obregon – hacendado from Sonoran mining town that was squeezed out in Porfirato period, but gained fortune back during Madero period from chick peas. He had a connection with peasants. He was a charismatic and natural leader. Influenced by the “old regime” (Porfirato). Plutarco E. Calles – schoolteacher from Sonora that joined revolutionary forces and rised up in the ranks to become a general in 1912. Influenced by “the new regime” (not the Porfiriato). Victoriano Huerta – Became head of the army as the 12 tragic days began. Became president of Mexico in 1913 after Madero was assassinated. He was overthrown by the second revolution. He is the number one villain in Mexican history. He’s a very 19 th - century personality (like Carranza and Madero) that was influenced by the Porfiriato. 12 tragic days – army forces missed targets (presidential palace) and many civilians died, although the army was never injured. Army of the Northeast – led by General Pablo Gonzalez (executed in 1923) Army of the Northwest – led by Obregon and Calles Division of the North – led by Poncho Villa. It had the most soldiers of the four groups, but divisions are typically part of armies (and armies are made by divisions). There was a conflict between the hierarchy because usually the person with the most troops is the higher up. Carranza looked down on Villa and Villa hated Carranza for being a part of the old regime. He snubbed Villa by making him head of a division instead of an army. It influenced the second part of the revolution Army of the South – led by Emiliano Zapata 1913-14 was a race between the Villistas and Carranzistas (and Gonzalistas) down the
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course POS 454 taught by Professor Ackroyd during the Spring '07 term at ASU.

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Mexico Notes 2-21 to present - POL454 Notes 2/21/08...

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