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Running head: ANALYZING PYSCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS 1 Analyzing Psychological Disorders Raven J Walker Psy/240 11/26/2011 University of Phoenix
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ANALYZING PYSCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS 2 Analyzing Psychological Disorders The main focus of this paper is going to address two parts left from the interview process for a position as a psychologist. In Part A, I am going to analyze the psychiatric disease schizophrenia, show some of the parts that can be affected in the brain and will discuss some of the neural basis, symptoms, causes, and drug therapies. In Part B, I will review the cases of anorexia and drug abuse. In this part of the paper, I will examine these disorders from the perspective of a biospychologist, address the problem’s relation to the nature-nurture issue, provide helpful drug interventions or solutions and point out any positive or negative aspects of the drug interventions or solutions. Part A, Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a class of disorders in which a severe distortion of reality occurs and can be accompanied by the disturbance in thoughts, emotions, perceptions and/or language. It is a psychiatric disorder known also as the disorder of madness, which according to the National Institute of Mental Health “affects about 1.1 percent of the U.S. population” (National Institute of Mental Health, 2008) in younger adulthood no matter the cultural and ethnic background and/or upbringing. It is a disorder that not only affects a patient’s life but, it involves everyone surrounding that individual. Therefore, the disease eventually impairs a person’s social cognition and social functioning. Although the diagnoses and treatment of schizophrenia still seems to be rather difficult mostly due to the lack of completely understanding it, an immense amount of research has been completed, coming up with different treatments and possibilities of dealing with this kind of psychiatric disorder. The stereotypical mentally disturbed person is one who rants, talks
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ANALYZING PYSCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS 3 nonsense, believes, sees and hears things or people that are currently not there. So while these symptoms can be present as a part of various conditions, they are most likely characteristics of schizophrenia. In addition, certain symptoms displayed by a person may vary significantly over time or more importantly, a schizophrenic patient usually does not even display all symptoms; the distinction between several types of schizophrenia is not always easily seen. As Morrison stated (1995), “Schizophrenia patients have been ill for at least six months with at least two of five symptoms types: delusion, hallucinations, disorganized behavior, disorganized speech and negative symptoms. They do not have significant manic or depressive symptoms.” Indeed, the classification of subtypes is based on the total number of cases of a disease in a given population, at a specific time, of a specific type of symptom. There are five defined subtypes of schizophrenia, the first being the
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final for 240.doc - Running head: ANALYZING PYSCHOLOGICAL...

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