Identity Theory - THE IDENTITY THEORY Mental states are...

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THE IDENTITY THEORY Mental states are identical with brain processes. The mind is identical with the brain . X is identical with Y if and only if X and Y are one and the same. X is identical with Y if and only if X and Y share ALL the same properties . ( earth/3 rd planet from the sun) Parallels : Lightning = what causes the visual experience of a yellow flash in humans viewing the sky (Ordinary commonsense) Electrical discharge between clouds = what causes the visual experience of a yellow flash in humans viewing the sky (Scientific Discovery) THEREFORE Lightning = Electrical discharge between clouds KNOWN BY EMPIRICAL RESEARCH, NOT BY TRYING TO FIGURE OUT WHAT THE CONCEPT OF LIGHTNING MEANS Water = what comes out of taps, fills lakes, is colorless, tasteless, odorless. (Commonsense fact) H2O = what comes out of taps, fills, lakes, is colorless, tasteless, odorless. (Scientific discovery) THEREFORE Water = H2O Pain = what causes screaming, writhing, etc and what is caused by bodily damage. (Commonsense) Brain State B (so-and-so firing pattern in such-and-such a region of the brain = what causes screaming, writhing, etc and what is caused by bodily damage. (Scientific
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discovery) THEREFORE, Pain = Brain State B VIRTUES OF THE IDENTITY THEORY 1) Mental states are inner, natural causes
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Identity Theory - THE IDENTITY THEORY Mental states are...

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