Classics Lecture 3

Classics Lecture 3 - Lecture 3 The Trojan War Texts...

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Lecture 3 The Trojan War: Texts, archaeology, and Heinrich Schliemann
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Some monuments were never lost from human view. Left: Giza, the Sphinx & the Great Pyramid. Right: Temple Abu Simbel
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Pompeii & Lord Hamilton (we knew about from ancient literature, e.g. Pliny the Elder) The Athenian Acropolis (another monument never lost from human view)
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Mycenae, Lions Gate Writing in the 2 nd century AD, Pausanias, that indefatigable traveler, focused on the Lion’s Gate at Mycenae as a monument that was a “must - see,” as it remains today In Book 2.15-16, Pausanias writes: “Having ascended the Tretos & resumed the road to Argos, we have on the left the ruins of Mycenae…. …parts of the circuit wall are still left, including the gate, which is surmounted by lions…..
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Mycenae …these [walls] are said to be the work of the Cyclopes, who made the walls of Tiryns for Proteus.” These are Late Helladic, but the Greeks of the Classical era could not believe they had been wrought by mortal hands, and so claimed they were “Cyclopean” – constructed by the one-eyed giants, the Cyclopes This is the earliest extant photo of Mycenae, dating to 1859, before the excavations of Heinrich Schliemann To what extent it shows what Pausanias saw, we may never know….
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Heinrich Schliemann (1822-1890) In the later part of the 19 th century there was something of a revolution, brought about by one man Schliemann’s passion was to prove the validity of the Homeric epic First to have uncovered the prehistoric Aegean Earlier travelers (Cyriacus, Spon, Byron, etc.) focused on Classical remains Wilhelm Dörpfeld
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Heinrich Schliemann (1822-1890) German businessman & banker, made a fortunate & retired at the age of 46 Modern scholarship & a love-hate relationship with Schliemann (habitual liar?) One recent scholar has said: “Every profession has its hero, the man of genius whose struggles & accomplishment seem to personify the highest aspirations of his chosen field & who captures the imagination of the general public. In archaeology
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