Classics_51A_Study_Images_-_corrected (1)

Classics_51A_Study_Images_-_corrected (1) - Classics 51A...

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Unformatted text preview: Classics 51A Greek Art & Archaeology John K. Papadopoulos 1. Buondelmonti’s map of the island of Leukas in Description of the Greek Islands (1420), which inaugurated the modern tradition of travel accounts that include facts about geography & antiquities 2. Drawing of the western façade of the Parthenon by Cyriacus of Ancona (1391-1455), the earliest known drawing of the Parthenon 3. Jacob Spon (1647-1685) shown in his 1676 visit to Athens, where he is guided by Consul Giraud 4. Colored drawing by the Venetian engineer Verneda, showing the bombardment of the Athenian Acropolis on September 26, 1687, which transformed the Parthenon from a well-preserved building into a ruin 5. Johann Joachim Winckelmann (1717-1768) sometimes described as the father of Classical archaeology 6. Lord Byron (=George Gordon Noel, 6th Baron Byron), 17881824 in “eastern” dress 7. View of the room in the British Museum in which the Elgin Marbles were installed in 1819 8. The Throne Room of the Palace of Minos at Knossos as it was reconstructed by Sir Arthur Evans in the 1920s 9. The “Cup-Bearer” fresco, a modern reconstruction set up in the South Propylaeum of the Palace at Knossos 10. The North Lustral Basin as it was restored by Sir Arthur Evans 11. Middle Minoan (ca. 21001600 BC) storage jar with the characteristic light-on-dark decoration known as Kamares ware. This is the first wheelmade pottery on the island of Crete 12. Late Neolithic handmade jar from the site of Dimini in Thessaly, 4th millennium BC (ca. 40003000 BC) 13. Early Neolithic terracotta (clay) figurine from Nea Nikomedeia in Macedonia, ca. 6000 BC 14. Early Helladic handmade “sauceboats” (Urfirnis ware), from the Greek mainland, 30002000 BC 15. Three views of an early Cycladic marble figurine of the so-called FoldedArm variety (Dokathismata Type), 2700-2400/2300 BC 16. Two Early Cycladic marble figurines of musicians: left, harpplayer; right, aulos or flute player; 2700-2400/2300 BC 17. Middle Helladic gray Minyan goblet from Mycenae, ca. 2000/1900 – 1600 BC. This is the first wheelmade pottery on the Greek mainland 18. Fragment of large handmade Middle Helladic matt-painted pot from Aigina decorated with what is often interpreted as a “surfboard rider,” ca. 2000/1900 – 1600 BC 19. Late Minoan IA Floral Style jug, 1550-1500 BC (wheelmade) from Phaistos on Crete 20. Late Minoan IB Marine Style stirrup jar, ca. 1500-1450 BC (wheelmade) from Crete 21. Mycenaean (Late Helladic) Pictorial Style krater from Enkomi on Cyprus, 14th century BC. The vase depicts a warrior & tree below a chariot with two charioteers, in front of which is a figure, sometimes interpreted as the god Zeus or Poseidon, holding the scales of destiny 22. Mycenaean (Late Helladic) Pictorial Style krater from the citadel of Mycenae, found by Heinrich Schliemann, and known as the Warrior Vase, ca. 1200-1190 BC 23. Athenian Protogeometric neckhandled amphora from Athens, ca. 1050-900 BC with mechanicallydrawn concentric circles and semicircles from 24. Athenian Early Geometric shoulder-handled amphora Athens, ca. 900-850 BC 25. Aerial view of the Palace of Minos at Knossos in its landscape 26. Detailed aerial view of the Palace of Minos at Knossos 27. Upper story of the west wing of the Palace at Knossos as reconstructed by Arthur Evans, with horns of consecration in the center 28. Aerial view of the Minoan Palace at Mallia. Most of the remains are Second Palace (or Neopalatial) period (ca. 1725/1700-1450 BC) 29. View of the Central Court & north end of the Minoan Palace at Phaistos looking north toward Mount Ida. The entire palatial compound is oriented toward the mountain 30. Aerial view of the Late Minoan town at Gournia excavated by Harriet Boyd Hawes 31. View of the Minoan town of Gournia 32. Heinrich Schliemann (18221890), the excavator of, among other sites, Troy, Mycenae, and Tiryns 33. Sir Arthur Evans (1851-1941), the excavator of Knossos 34. Faience plaques found at the Palace at Knossos showing multi-storied Minoan houses (15th century BC) 35. Burnt clay tablets preserving the three different types of script of Minoan Crete: a) (upper left) Minoan hieroglyphic; b) (upper right) Linear A; c) (bottom) Linear B. The latter was deciphered by Michael Ventris as an early form of Greek. The other two scripts remain undeciphered 36. The so-called Queen’s Megaron in the Domestic Quarter at Knossos with the dolphin fresco as restored by Arthur Evans. The fresco probably did not belong in this position but derives from the floor of the story above 37. Bull’s head rhyton from the Little Palace at Knossos carved from a block of black steatite, with horns originally of gilded wood, eyes of rock crystal & jasper, & nostrils of mother-of-pearl (the horns and much of the head are modern restorations), 1550-1500 BC 38. Faience statuettes of the snake goddesses (or the snake goddess & her attendant) from the Temple Repositories at Knossos, c. 1600BC 39. Fresco known as “La Parisienne,” part of the Camp-Stool Fresco, c. 1400 BC. The prominent “sacral knot” worn at the back of the neck is often taken to indicate that she was a priestess or even a goddess, though this is conjecture 40. The Bull-leaping or Toreador Fresco from the east wing of the Palace at Knossos, 15th century BC 41. Miniature fresco known as the Grandstand Fresco, Knossos, Second Palace period (note the tripartite shrine with “horns of consecration” on the roof, surrounded by females & males). After 1600 BC 42. Seal stones of the Neopalatial period from the Palace at Knossos; a) (top) a goddess standing between two griffins (Potnia Theron); b) pair of bulls; c) lioness attacking a bull 43. Gold earrings from the necropolis of Mavro Spelio, near Knossos, showing granulation work. Shortly after 1400 BC (note the schematic bull’s head form) 44. Gold signet ring from the Minoan tomb at Isopata, near Knossos, showing a religious scene that may represent an ecstatic ritual dance & the epiphany of a goddess, c. 1500 BC. Some of the floating symbols in the sky may represent stellar constellations 45. The Ayia Triada sarcophagus made of limestone and decorated with various religious scenes in fresco technique, c. 14th century BC. It was found near the “Villa” at Ayia Triada 46. Detail of the Flying Fish Fresco from the site of Phylakopi on the island of Melos, Middle Cycladic, c. 18th-17th century BC 47. The Thera volcano is still sporadically active, particularly the eruptions of Nea Kameni, seen here from the town of Phira 48. The Bronze Age (Late Cycladic) site of Akrotiri. View of the excavations showing the triangular square, with the West House on the left and Building Complex Delta on the right 49. Akrotiri: the Antelopes Fresco from the west wall of Room Beta 1 50. Akrotiri: the Boxing Boys Fresco from the south wall of Room Beta 1 51. Akrotiri: one of the eight devices on the walls of Room 4 in the West House. Referred to as “Ikria,” Marinatos originally thought them to be “banners,” but later decided they were “cabins.” Others see them as “litters” or “palanquins” 52. Akrotiri: detail of the minature fresco from the south wall of Room 5 in the West House showing two cities and a “flotilla” or “regatta” between them 53. Akrotiri: the so-called “Sea Battle” Fresco, one of two groups of fragments from the north wall of Room 5 in the West House 54. Christos Tsountas (18571934). Discovered the cultures of Neolithic Thessaly & the Cyclades 55. View of the Citadel at Mycenae with Grave Circle A excavated by Heinrich Schliemann shown in the foreground 56. Four bronze daggers with inlaid decoration of gold, silver, and niello from Shaft Graves IV & V of Grave Circle A, c. 1550 BC 57. Five gold masks from Graves IV & V of Grave Circle A, dated to the 16th century BC 58. Limestone stele (tomb stone) from Grave V of Grave Circle A decorated with running spirals & a chariot scene, 16th century BC 59. The Lion’s Gate at Mycenae, variously dated between 1350 and 1200 BC 60. Fresco known as the “Mycenaean Lady” of “Goddess” from the so-called “House of the High Priest” at Mycenae, c. 1200 BC 61. Ivory head of a warrior wearing a helmet covered with boars’ tusks, from a chamber tomb at Mycenae 62. Typical Mycenaean terracotta figurines, two of the psi type and one (in the center) of the phi type, 13th century BC 63. The largest of the Tholos Tombs at Mycenae, known as the Treasury of Atreus, constructed sometime after 1250 BC. View of the dromos & façade 64. View of the interior of the Treasury of Atreus (see previous slide) 65. Plaster female head from Mycenae, possibly of a sphinx or goddess, c. 13th century 66. Gold signet ring from the acropolis of Mycenae that looks very Minoan in style; is it Minoan or Mycenaean? 67. One of the two gold cups found by Tsountas at Vapheio, near Sparta, known as the Vapheio Cups, ca. 1450 BC or slightly earlier 68. Complete Late Bronze Age corselet of bronze, with a boars’ tusk helmet, from a chamber tomb at Dendra in the Argolid 69. Mycenaean Linear B Syllabary. Try to spell your names in Linear B 70. Left: Entrance & corridor between the walls of the citadel at Tiryns leading to the Megaron Right: plan of the megaron complex 71. Corbelled gallery built into the fortifications of Tiryns & dating to the last building phase of the citadel of Tiryns 72. Reconstruction of the Bronze Age acropolis of Tiryns showing the Upper, Middle and Lower Citadels, as well as the great Megaron 73. View of the fortifications of Troy VI, thought to represent the citadel of Homer’s Troy 74. Artist’s reconstruction of the Late Bronze Age citadel of Troy (Ilion) 75. The Late Bronze Age Ulu Burun (Kaş) shipwreck showing a diver bringing up a dagger/sword 76. The Late Bronze Age Ulu Burun (Kaş) shipwreck showing a diver excavating the cargo of copper ox-hide ingots 77. A variety of metal tools, weapons and an ingot from the Late Bronze Age Ulu Burun (Kaş) shipwreck 78. Pieces of ivory tusks (both elephant & hippopotamus) from Late Bronze Age Ulu Burun (Kaş) shipwreck 79. A variety of used Mycenaean pots from the Late Bronze Age Ulu Burun (Kaş) shipwreck 80. Reconstruction of the Late Bronze Age Ulu Burun (Kaş) shipwreck 81. Michael Ventris (1922-1956) deciphered Linear B in 1952 and showed it to be an early form of Greek 82. Athenian Late Geometric funerary amphora attributed to the Dipylon Master depicting a prothesis, c. 755-750 BC 83. Athenian Late Geometric funerary krater showing an ekphora, c. 745-740 BC 84. Protoattic amphora attributed to the Polyphemos Painter (name vase) depicting, on the neck, the blinding of the Cyclops Polyphemos and, on the body, the beheading of Medusa, c. 660 BC, from the cemetery at Eleusis 85. The Chigi Vase. Protocorinthian olpe depicting, among other scenes, a hoplite battle, c. 655-650 BC 86. The Aristonothos krater found in Etruria but made in Magna Graecia (south Italy) signed by Aristonothos, depicting a naval battle between a warship & a commercial ship, c. 650 BC 87. The François Vase. Athenian black-figure volute krater signed by the potter Ergotimos and the painter Kleitias showing, on the neck, the Kalydonian boar hunt and the funerary games for Patroklos, and, on the body, the marriage of Peleus & Thetis, and Troilos & Achilles, c. 570-565 BC 88. Athenian black-figure amphora by Amasis depicting Dionysos accompanied by dancing maenads or nymphs, c. 540-530 BC 89. Detail of Athenian blackfigure amphora signed by Exekias showing Ajax & Achilles playing pessoi (a game), c. 530 BC 90. Athenian black-figure amphora by Exekias showing Ajax preparing for his suicide, c. 530-525 BC 91. Interior (tondo) of a Lakonian (Spartan) blackfigure kylix depicting Atlas supporting the sky & Prometheus bound, an eagle eating his entrails, c. 560-555 BC 92. Interior of a Lakonian black-figure kylix depicting the weighing of silphium supervised by King Arkesilaos of Kyrene, c. 565-560 BC 93. Reverse of an Athenian Panathenaic prize amphora depicting a long distance foot race, c. 480-470 BC 94a-b. Athenian bilingual amphora attributed to the Andokides Painter depicting Herakles on a kline visited by Athena, c. 515 BC 95. Athenian red-figure kalyx krater by Euphronios depicting Hypnos & Thanatos, led by Hermes, carrying off the body of the dead Sarpedon, c. 510 BC 96. Athenian red-figure amphora attributed to Myson depicting Kroisos of Lydia on a funerary pyre, c. 500-495 BC 97. Athenian red-figure kalyx krater attributed to the Niobid Painter (name vase) showing Apollo & Artemis slaying the children of Niobe, c. 455450 BC 98. Athenian red-figure amphora by the Achilles Painter depicting the hero Achilles (name vase), c. 450 BC 99. Athenian white-ground lekythos by the Achilles Painter depicting an Athenian warrior taking leave of his wife, c. 440 BC 100. Athenian white-ground lekythos by the Thanatos Painter showing Hypnos & Thanatos carrying the corpse of a fallen warrior in front of his grave stele, c. 440-435 BC 101. The Acropolis of Athens as it was envisioned in the time of the Apostle Paul (1st century AD), by the Bavarian Neoclassicist, Leo von Klenze, 1846 102. The Parthenon on the Athenian Acropolis (Temple of Athena Parthenos), designed by Iktinos & Kallikrates & with the architectural sculpture overseen by Pheidias, 447-438 BC 103. The Athenian Kerameikos (Potters’ Field), one of the primary cemeteries of Athens; view of the Street of the Tombs 104. The best preserved of all Greek theaters, at Epidauros, built in the late 4th century BC 105. The Anavysos kouros, c. 530 BC, found at Anavysos (rural Attica) 106. The Peplos kore from the Athenian Acropolis, c. 530 BC 107. The kore Phrasikleia from Merenda (Attica), c. 540 BC 108. Hypothetical reconstruction of Phrasikleia, see previous image 109. Detail of the north frieze of the Siphnian Treasury at Delphi, c. 535 BC 110. The Treasury of the Athenians at Delphi, c. 490 BC 111. The Tholos in the Sanctuary of Athena Pronaia (Marmaria) at Delphi, early 4th century BC 112. Dying warrior from the east pediment of the Temple of Aphaia, Aigina, c. 480-470 BC 113. Harmodios & Aristogeiton, the “Tyrannicides,” marble copies of the original bronze statues set up in the Athenian Agora in 477 BC 114. Marble sculptures of goddesses from the east pediment of the Parthenon 115. Detail of the Parthenon frieze 116. One of the south metopes of the Parthenon (now in the British Museum) 117. The Erechtheion (the last temple of Athena Polias) on the Acropolis built between the 430s and 406 BC, with the sculptural decoration completed in the early 4th century BC. View from the southwest showing the Karyatid portico 118. The little temple of Athena Nike (Victory) on the Athenian Acropolis built in the 420s BC 119. Another view of the Temple of Athena Nike (see previous image) 120. The Propylaia of the Athenian Acropolis as it may have appeared during the Panathenaic Festival 121. Detail of the Karyatid portico of the Erechtheion 122. The Stele of Dexileos from the Athenian Kerameikos, 394-393 BC 123. General view of the Classical Athenian Agora showing the reconstructed Stoa of Attalos on the left (now the Agora Museum) & the Acropolis with its temples on the right 124. The “Hephaisteion” (originally thought to be the “Theseion”), a 5th century BC Doric temple that crowns the hill west of the Classical Agora 125. The Alexander Mosaic from the House of the Faun at Pompeii, c. 100 BC, showing Alexander the Great & King Darius at the Battle of Issos 126. Aerial view of the palace & theater at Vergina (=Aigai?). If Aigai, it was in this theater that Philip II was assassinated in 336 BC 127. The interior of the Macedonian tomb thought by some scholars to be the Tomb of Philip II. Top: gorytos and greaves against the inner door of the tomb; bottom: arrow found inside the gorytos. Late 4th century BC 128. The interior of the Macedonian tomb thought by some scholars to be the Tomb of Philip II, showing the smaller gold larnax found in the marble sarcophagus in the antechamber of the tomb 129. The inside of the gold larnax found in the antechamber of the tomb thought by some scholars to be the Tomb of Philip II, showing the gold & purple cloth that enwrapped the cremated remains of a female 130. The façade of the tomb thought by some scholars to be the Tomb of Philip II, late 4th century BC showing the Hunt Fresco 131. Profile of small ivory head, accompanied by reconstructed sketches (top) thought to be Alexander III, the Great. This, and the following ivory head, were found in the tomb thought by some scholars to be the Tomb of Philip II 132. As previous, but thought to represent Philip II 133. Forensic reconstruction of the skull of the individual thought to be Philip II, the father of Alexander the Great, found in the tomb at Vergina (Aigai?) 134. The large gold larnax from the main chamber of the tomb at Vergina thought by some scholars to be the Tomb of Philip II 135. The Tomb of Persephone at Vergina, showing the wall painting of Hades’ rape of Persephone 136. The Stele of Azara thought to be a copy of the celebrated portrait of Alexander the Great by the sculptor Lysippos 137. Reconstruction drawing of the Macedonian phalanx showing the use of the sarissa, the long spear or spike used by the Macedonian hoplites 138. Mosaic floor from Pella in Macedonia showing a deer hunt, signed by the maker, Gnosis; end of the 4th century BC 139. Mosaic floor from Pella showing the god Dionysos riding a panther; end of the 4th century BC 140. The bronze krater from Derveni in Macedonia, c. 330 BC 141. The bronze statue of Zeus (sometimes referred to as Poseidon) found in the sea off Cape Artemision, c. 470-450 BC 142. The Great Altar of Zeus at Pergamon, c. 175 BC, as it is restored in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin 143. The Great Altar of Zeus built by Eumenes II (197-159 B.C.) 144. Detail of the Gigantomachy scene from the east frieze of the Great Altar of Zeus at Pergamon, c. 175 BC 145. Marble statue of Aphrodite from the island of Melos – and thus known as the Venus di Milo – c. 150 BC 146. The Laokoön, probably early Imperial Roman (1st century BC – 1st century AD) found in Rome 147. Varvakeion Athena Parthenos, 2nd century AD, a much reduced replica of the celebrated statue of Athena Parthenos (the Virgin) by Pheidias, which stood inside the Parthenon 148. Reconstruction of the Lighthouse (Pharos) of Alexandria, considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, c. 300-280 BC, by Sostratos of Knidos (100m tall) 149. Fayyum mummy portraits of the Macedonian colonists of Egypt (1st – 3rd/4th centuries AD) 150. Temple of Horus at Edfu (257-237 B.C.). Hellenistic period construction built in Egypt by the Ptolemaic (Macedonian) rulers but in Egyptian style 151. The Persian capital at Persepolis in Iran, including the “Harem of Xerxes” & Hall of the 100 columns (top), reconstruction (bottom right) & sculptural details (bottom left) 152. Indo-Greek Bactrian coinage. Top: Demetrios (200-185 B.C.); Zeus & elephant (2nd century B.C.). Bottom: Antimachos (185-180 B.C.); Amyntas (85-75 B.C.) (right) 153. Perseus, last king of Macedon (179-168 B.C.). Defeated by Aemillius Paullus at the Battle Pydna, in June 168 BC, the day of a lunar eclipse ...
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