Anth V2020. Session 4. Zhou Discourse. In Search of the Way

Anth V2020. Session 4. Zhou Discourse. In Search of the Way...

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Anth v 2020: Chinese Strategies Cul t ur e i n Hi s t or i c al Pr ac t i c e Session 4 : In Search of the Way Philosophies of State , Society   &   the Nature of Virtue in China
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  Zhongguo  中 中 Central Kingdom 
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  Zhongyuan  中中 the Central Plain Central Kingdom 
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China of the  Zhou  :   ca.   1056 – 221 bce Ancient China 
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The Decline of the  Zhou  Chun-Qiu Shidai  中中中中 the Spring  Autumn Period  ca .   722 – 481 bce The well-ordered polity of the Zhou began to unravel in the 8 th century bce , as states which previously had recognized the sovereignty of the Zhou court grew wealthy and powerful through achievements in metallurgy and hydraulic engineering and/or control of valuable resources. Rulers in these rising powers began to question their continued subordination to the will of the Zhou court, inaugurating a period of inter-state rivalry and warfare, beginning in the middle of the period of Zhou rule—an era known as the Spring & Autumn period (named for the Chun-Qiu  春春 , Spring & Summer  Annals, which record the history of Lu Guo  春春 , a state in present-day Shandong   春春 province and the native home of Confucius .
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The Decline of the  Zhou  Chun-Qiu Shidai  中中中中 the Spring  Autumn Period  ca .   722 – 481 bce
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the Spring  Autumn Period  When a Hundred Schools of Thought Arose The economic, technological and political changes of the Spring Autumn period spurred intense interest in the areas of natural and political philosophy, giving rise to many of the major schools of Chinese political thought and the formulation of the basic ontological system upon which China’s distinctive correlative epistemology would be articulated. Of the latter, the most significant contributions were those of the Yin- Yang  春春 school, which formulated what would become the foundational principles of Chinese natural science and medicine, based upon an ontology of patterned change. In this lecture, we shall deal with the domain of political philosophy, statecraft and morality, in which the principle schools of the period were those founded by Kongzi  春春 , Confucius ( 551-479 bce ), Laozi   春春 ( ca . 520-470 bce ) & Mozi  春春 ( 470-391 bce ); and, in the domain of military strategy, the work of Sunzi  春春 ( ca . 544-496 bce ), who authored China’s great work of strategic governance, Sunzi Bingfa  春春春春 , The Art of War .
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the Spring  Autumn Period  Political Philosophy Confronting Chaos For political philosophers of the period, the principal concern was the distressing collapse of morality and the escalation of inter-state warfare. This concern is addressed most directly, and with most lasting significance, in the teachings of Confucius and Laozi, who arrived at diametrically-opposed interpretations of the underlying cause of the events in their world and irreconcilably divergent prescriptions as to the changes that were necessary to remedy the moral collapse they each discerned.
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