Anth V2020. Session 8. Kinship _ Economic Strategies

Anth V2020. Session 8. Kinship _ Economic Strategies - Anth...

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Unformatted text preview: Anth v 2020: Chinese Strategies Culture in Historical Practice Session 8 : Economic Strategies Household as Enterprise & Family as Structuring Structure Jia The Chinese Family Although the idea of Family means different things to different people, in anthropological terms it is a group of two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption. The family may take many forms, ranging from a single parent with one or more children, to a married couple or polygamous spouses with offspring, to several generations of parents and their children. The particular form family takes within a society is related to distinct social, historical, and ecological circumstances. What is a Family ? Patrilineal Matrilineal Male or Female Primogeniture Male or Female Ultimogeniture Inheritence Patterns Patrilocal : newlyweds reside in the household of the husbands family Uxorilocal : newlyweds reside in the household of the brides family Ambilocal : newlyweds reside in eiter household, depending Residency Patterns Patriarchal Patrilineal Patrilocal Equal ( Fraternal ) Partition of Assets The Chinese Kinship System Within societies, and all the more so across cultures, we see contrasts in the constructs and contracts of marriage. Indeed, as is evident in the definition of marriage given above, this institution comes in various formsand these forms are distinct in terms of the number and gender of spouses involved. Monogamy : a form of marriage in which an individual has only one spouse at any one time. Monogamy may also refer to the more general state of having only one sexual partner at any one time, irrespective of marriage or reproduction. Polygamy : (from the Late Greek polys gamos , often married) a form of marriage in which a person has more than one spouse at a time. It occurs in three principal forms: Polygyny : ( from the Late Greek poly many Forms of Marriage In polygynous marriages generally, usually one wife is the queen wife who is accorded a higher status than the other wives and has some authority over the other wives. In historical China a child was considered to have more than Forms of Marriage: Polygyny Brideprice or Bridewealth : payments of money or valuable goods to a brides parents or other close kin Dowry : payment of a womans inheritance at the time of marriage to her or her Matrimonial Economics Jia roof + = Mian shi pig Conjugal : husband, wife and dependent children Forms of the Family Stem : husband, wife, dependent children and one married son or daughter, his or her spouse and their dependent children Joint ( Extended ) : husband, wife, dependent children and two or more married sons or daughters, their spouses and their Jia types Joint stem conjugal Conjugal : husband, wife and dependent children Family Developmental Cycle Stem : husband, wife, dependent children...
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Anth V2020. Session 8. Kinship _ Economic Strategies - Anth...

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