chapter_14--developmental_d - Chapter 14-Developmental...

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1 Chapter 14--Developmental Disorders Key 1. Psychological disorders are considered developmental disorders when there is a: A. change in symptoms over the lifespan B. genetic component to the disorder C. D. general decline in functioning over time significant dysfunction during childhood 2. Although not classified as developmental disorders, many, if not most, psychological disorders can be considered developmental because they: A. B. have a genetic component appear early in life and change over the lifespan C. lack biological causes and are influenced by learning D. are unique to children 3. The major reason that developmental disorders are considered to be so serious in terms of their capacity to disrupt later functioning is: A. the fact that medications used in children can have long term effects B. the impact that they have on family functioning C. that the purely biological nature of developmental disorders leads to subsequent developmental failures D. that failure to develop at one level is thought to inhibit later stages of development 4. Johnny is a 2-year-old boy who has no motivation to interact with other people. His absence of interest in people may also lead to severe deficits in his ability to: A. amuse himself B. think C. D. walk communicate 5. The main reason that it is so important to identify children with developmental disorders as early as possible is that: A. medications are most effective when administered at an early stage of the disorderB. D. children are more receptive to therapy when they are young skill deficits can be identified and addressed before they impact later development C. family functioning often declines as the developmental disorder progresses
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2 6. One of the most common reasons that children are referred for mental health services in the United States is: A. C. pervasive developmental disorder ADHD B. autism D. stuttering 7. An individual diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder will always present with: A. hyperactive behavior that alternates with periods of distraction B. patterns of inattention or C. both patterns of inattention hyperactivity/impulsivity and D. periods of distraction that lead to hyperactive/impulsive behavior hyperactivity/impulsivity 8. What are the two DSM-IV symptom clusters for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder? A. hyperactivity and impulsivity B. inattention and distraction C. D. impulsivity and distraction inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity 9. Which of the following is the most likely reason for a child to be referred for mental health treatment? A. Tourette’s Syndrome B. C. obsessive -compulsive disorder ADHD D. bipolar disorder 10. Which of the following is not characteristic of ADHD?
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chapter_14--developmental_d - Chapter 14-Developmental...

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