chapter_1--study_guide - Chapter 1-Study Guide Student: 1....

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1 Chapter 1--Study Guide Student: 1. Which of the following is not an aspect of the definition of psychological disorders? A. the atypical response element, which states that a deviation from normal behavior is evidence of a psychological disorder B. the psychodynamic element, which suggests that abnormal behavior is the result of poor ego defense mechanisms C. the distress element, in which personal discomfort signals the presence of a psychological disorder D. the impairment in functioning element, which defines a psychological disorder based on a disruption in ability to carry out normal tasks 2. The scientist-practitioner model of psychology focuses on A. the psychologist’s use of scientific principles to study which treatments are most effective and to decide which treatment to use. B. the psychologist’s use of statistics, such as prevalence and incidence, to diagnose clients. C. the exchange of information between scientists. D. the use of drugs in clinical practice. 3. Louie was barking like a dog and walking on his hands and knees. A professional thought the cause of Louie’s problem was that he had an excess of a particular neurotransmitter, and prescribed a drug for him. The professional is most likely a ,,,,, operating under the ,,,, model of abnormal behavior. A. clinical psychologist, psychological B. psychiatric nurse, supernatural C. psychiatric social worker, behavioral D. psychiatrist, biological 4. The Oedipus complex, which, according to Freud, occurs during the ,,,, stage of psychosexual development, is characterized by ,,,,. A. genital; penis envy B. oral; penis envy C. phallic; castration anxiety D. latency; castration anxiety
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2 5. One of the results of the discovery that the disease syphilis and the disordered behavior that results from it are both caused by the same bacterial microorganism was A. mental health professionals began to think that other psychological disorders might be caused by other microorganisms, and biological cures might be possible. B. individuals diagnosed with syphilis were referred to psychologists instead of doctors for further treatment. C. the mental hygiene movement was established, which attempted to provide a sterile, bacteria-free, environment for those suffering from disorders. D. mental health professionals adopted a genetic model, which has been supported by further scientific investigations into the causes of disorders. 6. The phenomenon in which entire groups of people simultaneously begin to behave abnormally is known as A. mass hysteria. B. exorcism. C. lunacy. D. melancholy. 7. Which of the following is an incorrect match between a drug and the problem it is used to treat? A. reserpine: aggression B. benzodiazepines: panic attacks C. bromides: hallucinations D. neuroleptics: delusions 8. Breuer discovered that A. hysterical symptoms were alleviated after patients discussed them under hypnosis. B. dogs salivate to a bell if the bell is rung prior to feeding.
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course PSYCH 105 taught by Professor Peck,andrewvancetrup,elisabezawadzki,matthew during the Fall '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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chapter_1--study_guide - Chapter 1-Study Guide Student: 1....

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