Chapter 1--Study Guide
1. Which of the following is not an aspect of the definition of psychological disorders?
A. the atypical response element, which states that a deviation from normal behavior is evidence of a
B. the psychodynamic element, which suggests that abnormal behavior is the result of poor ego defense
C. the distress element, in which personal discomfort signals the presence of a psychological disorder
D. the impairment in functioning element, which defines a psychological disorder based on a disruption
in ability to carry out normal tasks
2. The scientist-practitioner model of psychology focuses on
A. the psychologist’s use of scientific principles to study which treatments are most effective and to
decide which treatment to use.
B. the psychologist’s use of statistics, such as prevalence and incidence, to diagnose clients.
C. the exchange of information between scientists.
D. the use of drugs in clinical practice.
3. Louie was barking like a dog and walking on his hands and knees. A professional thought the cause of
Louie’s problem was that he had an excess of a particular neurotransmitter, and prescribed a drug for
him. The professional is most likely a ,,,,, operating under the ,,,, model of abnormal behavior.
A. clinical psychologist, psychological
B. psychiatric nurse, supernatural
C. psychiatric social worker, behavioral
D. psychiatrist, biological
4. The Oedipus complex, which, according to Freud, occurs during the ,,,, stage of psychosexual
development, is characterized by ,,,,.
A. genital; penis envy
B. oral; penis envy
C. phallic; castration anxiety
D. latency; castration anxiety