chapter_11--study_guide - Chapter 11-Study Guide Student:...

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1 Chapter 11--Study Guide Student: 1. are psychoactive substances that are among the most likely to produce physical dependence, tolerance, and withdrawal. These substances include alcohol and anxiolytic drugs. A. Opioids B. Depressants C. Stimulants D. Hallucinogens 2. Two important aspects of a definition of substance dependence are and . A. tolerance; withdrawal B. withdrawal; relapse C. relapse; tolerance D. alcohol delirium; tolerance 3. Hallucinogenic drugs A. include LSD. B. occur naturally in a variety of plants. C. can be produced synthetically. D. all of the above 4. People who abuse or are dependent upon alcohol A. are likely to go through periods marked by different levels of alcohol use. B. were aided by a methodically sound study of Alcoholics Anonymous members by Jellinick. C. may be at an increased risk to behave aggressively. D. both a and c 5. Which of the following is characteristic of nicotine? A. DSM-IV describes an intoxication pattern for nicotine. B. It takes nicotine between 30 and 45 seconds to reach the brain. C. Nicotine is considered to be highly addictive. D. none of the above 6. Caffeine is a that affects the brain stem by . A. stimulant; blocking the reuptake of the neurotransmitter adenosine. B. depressant; blocking the reuptake of the neurotransmitter adenosine. C. stimulant; aiding in the reuptake of the neurotransmitter adenosine. D. depressant; aiding in the reuptake of the neurotransmitter adenosine.
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2 7. A probable psychological cause of substance-related disorders is A. positive reinforcement. B. negative reinforcement. C. both a and b D. none of the above 8. is a method in which a drug with a similar chemical makeup is given in place of an addictive drug, and are used to block the effects of psychoactive drugs. A. Antagonist substitution; agonist drugs B. Agonist substitution; antagonist drugs C. Relapse prevention; agonist drugs D. Relapse prevention; antagonist drugs 9. Alcohol may influence which of the following systems? A. GABA system B. glutamate system C. serotonin system D. all of the above 10. The term opioids refers to substances that have a narcotic effect, while opiates are that have a narcotic effect. A. all; substances found in the poppy B. naturally occurring; synthetic drugs C. synthetic; all substances D. all; chemicals in the brain 11. Which of the following is not considered in the text as a cognitive factor related to causes of substance-related disorders? A. sense triggers B. expectancy effect C. opponent process theory - negative reinforcement D. none of the above 12. Nicotine is a(n) , alcohol is a , and morphine is a(n) . A. stimulant; depressant; opioid B. stimulant; depressant; hallucinogenic C. depressant; stimulant; opioid D. opioid; hallucinogenic; stimulant
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3 13. Relapse prevention is a treatment method that A. looks at the learned aspect of dependence. B. sees relapse as a failure of cognitive and behavioral coping skills.
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course PSYCH 105 taught by Professor Peck,andrewvancetrup,elisabezawadzki,matthew during the Fall '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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chapter_11--study_guide - Chapter 11-Study Guide Student:...

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