chapter_14--study_guide

chapter_14--study_guide - Chapter 14-Study Guide Student:...

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1 Chapter 14--Study Guide Student: 1. Psychosocial treatments of autism A. were initially psychodynamic. B. have clinical importance that was shown by Lovaas’ research. C. initially focused on the notion that autism was caused by faulty parenting. D. all of the above 2. Approximately what percentage of people with autism have some form of mental retardation? A. 10% B. 45% C. 75% D. 85% 3. Asperger’s disorder shares characteristics similar to autistic disorder except for A. the language delay present in autistic disorder. B. the language delay present in Asperger’s disorder. C. impairments in social relationships seen in autistic disorder. D. impairments in social relationships seen in Asperger’s disorder. 4. //// is found almost exclusively in females, and is characterized by constant hand-wringing, mental retardation, and impaired motor skills. A. Asperger’s disorder B. Rett’s disorder C. Childhood disintegrative disorder D. Autistic disorder 5. Research on the treatment of autism by Lovaas showed that A. intensive behavioral treatment was more beneficial than less intensive treatment. B. children were more likely to improve when placed in regular classrooms. C. both a and b D. none of the above
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2 6. Autism is more prevalent among //// with IQ’s under 35 but more prevalent among //// in the higher IQ range. A. males; females B. females; males C. neither males nor females; females D. males; neither males nor females 7. Which of the following is not a communication disorder? A. expressive language disorder B. selective mutism C. Asperger’s disorder D. stuttering 8. Characteristics of autistic disorder include which of the following? A. significant impact on social interactions and communication B. restricted patterns of behavior, interest, and activity C. repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior D. all of the above 9. In the DSM-IV-TR, there are //// groups of criteria for mental retardation, which is included on Axis ////. A. 2; III B. 3; II C. 4; II D. 5; I 10. Amniocentesis is A. an x-linked disorder. B. used to determine the degree of disability in a child. C. a method of testing for the presence of Down syndrome before birth. D. a cognitive mental disorder. 11. The four levels of mental retardation identified in DSM-IV-TR are A. mild, moderate, severe, profound B. educable, trainable, severe, profound C. slight, moderate, profound, intensive D. borderline, custodial care, intermittent care, pervasive care
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3 12. The educational system has developed an additional method of classification for mental retardation which A. is used to identify the ability of students. B. is split into three categories: trainable, educable, and severe mental retardation.
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chapter_14--study_guide - Chapter 14-Study Guide Student:...

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