Test3_Review - Review Sheet: Chapter 12: Family (6...

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Review Sheet: Chapter 12: Family (6 questions) Families of Orientation vs. Procreation Families of Orientation = A family into which one is born. Families of Procreation = A family one enters as an adult. Changes in Families over time (causes and consequences) 1500’s Early 1600’s o Maintained deeply embedded relationships within the community and other kin. o Family was not a major focus of emotional attachment. o Choice in marriage up to interests of parents, kin and community. Early 17 th Century Early 18 th Century o Nuclear family became a more separate entity. o Growing emphasis on marital and parental love. o Authoritarian power of fathers increased. Mid 18 th Mid 20 th Century o Family is a group tied by close emotional bonds. o Domestic privacy is emphasized. o Affective Individualism = Marriage ties based on personal selection, sexual attraction and/or romantic feelings. o ***Separation between workplace and home due to Industrial Revolution ** o Cult of Domesticity = True womanhood centers on domestic responsibility. The notion of “Traditional Family” emerged after WW2 during the post-war economic boom in the United States. Today, it has expanded to single member families and couples without children as well. Other factors, such as increasing divorce rates and the increased participation of women in the workforce also played a role. Theories on Families: Comte, Parsons, Marxists, and Feminists (second shift, gender factory) Comte o The true social unit is family. o The investigation of two orders of relation: The subordination of the sexes and that of ages. The equality of the sexes is incompatible with all social existence. Parson – “Families Two Main Functions” o Primary Socialization = Process by which children learn their societies cultural norms. o Personality Stabilization = The role that the family plays in assisting adult family members emotionally. o **The Traditional Nuclear Family is best equipped to handle these tasks in industrialized societies.** Marxist Perspective o Marx and Engles “The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State” o Private Property o Women’s unpaid domestic labor. o “The social revolution would eliminate class differences and therefore also the need for prostitution and enslavement of women.”
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Feminist Approaches o “Family as Gender Factory” (Berk) Men and women take on rolls paralleling the divide between public and private spheres. “Second Shift” (Hochschild) Women’s responsibilities after returning home from the office. In households where men and women share the second shift, marriages are much more likely to be stable and happy ones. Chapter 13: Education (10 questions)
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course SOCG 105 taught by Professor Kim during the Spring '12 term at Christopher Newport University.

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Test3_Review - Review Sheet: Chapter 12: Family (6...

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