Chapter 4.3 as handout(1)

Chapter 4.3 as handout(1) - Acids Have a sour taste. Lemons...

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Acids Have a sour taste. Lemons and other citrus fruits contain citric acid. Vinegar is aqueous acetic acid. React with certain metals to produce hydrogen gas. React with carbonates and bicarbonates to produce carbon dioxide gas: 4.3 2HCl ( aq ) + Mg ( s ) MgCl 2 ( aq ) + H 2 ( g ) 2HCl ( aq ) + CaCO 3 ( s ) CaCl 2 ( aq ) + CO 2 ( g ) + H 2 O ( l ) Aqueous acid solutions conduct electricity . Cause color changes in plant dyes, e.g. litmus: blue red . Have a bitter taste, although very few foods are basic. Feel slippery. Many soaps contain bases. Bases 4.3 Cause color changes in plant dyes, e.g. litmus: red blue . Aqueous base solutions conduct electricity . Ammonia reacts with H 2 O to produce ammonium hydroxide : NH 3 ( aq ) + H 2 O ( l ) NH 4 + ( aq ) + OH - ( aq ) Arrhenius acid is a substance that produces H + (H 3 O + ) in water Arrhenius base is a substance that produces OH - in water 4.3 Note: Arrhenius definitions only apply to aqueous solutions. (hydronium ion)
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course CHEM 1230 taught by Professor Anderson during the Spring '08 term at Toledo.

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Chapter 4.3 as handout(1) - Acids Have a sour taste. Lemons...

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