Chapter 5 - Chapter 5: Cognitive Development in Infancy and...

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Chapter 5: Cognitive Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood Piaget’s Cognitive-Development Theory Believed that children’s thinking develops as they act directly on the environment Cognitive Change o Schemes : psychological structures, organized ways of making sense of experience When schemas change from unintentional to deliberate, it marks the change toe the next stage (preoperational stage) Dropping a toy, throwing a toy Adaptation Adaptation : building schemas through direct interaction with the environment o Assimilation : use our current schemes to interpret the external world o Accommodation : create new schemes or adjust old ones after noticing that our current way of thinking does not capture the environment completely Cognitive equilibrium : when there is a balance between assimilation and accommodation Organization Organization : a process that takes place internally, apart from direct contact with the environment Sensorimotor Stage From birth to 2 years old o They think with their eyes, ears, hands and other sensorimotor equipment Circular reaction : provides a special means of adapting their first schemes by repeating a motor activity something results Intentional behavior : coordinating schemes to solve simple problems o Object permanence
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2012 for the course PSY 231 taught by Professor Limegrover during the Spring '08 term at Miami University.

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Chapter 5 - Chapter 5: Cognitive Development in Infancy and...

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