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Chapter 6 - Chapter 6 Emotional and Social Development in...

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Chapter 6: Emotional and Social Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood Erikson’s Personality Theory Basic Trust versus Mistrust o Does not refer to the amount of food given but rather the quality of caregiving o Relieving discomfort promptly and sensitively o Balance of care Trusting infants expect the world to be good, so they have confidence to explore Mistrustful babies cannot count on the kindness and protects themselves through withdrawing themselves Autonomy versus Shame and Doubt o Resolves favorably when parents provide children with suitable guidance and reasonable choices Do not criticize failure or attempts Over or under controlling results in shame and doubt Emotional Development Basic emotions : universal in humans, and can be directly inferred from facial expressions o Birth Interest Disgust Distress Contentment o 2-7 months Anger Sadness Joy Surprise Fear Social referencing
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