Chapter 7 - • Reticular formation a structure in the...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 7: Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood Body Growth Skeletal Growth o Ages 2 to 6 years old o Skeletal age : progress towards maturity, information helpful in diagnosing o Care for primary teeth is essential o General growth curve : physical growth is asynchronous, rapid growth during infancy, slower gains in early and middle childhood, and rapid growth again during adolescence Brain Development o Ages 2-6: brain increases 70% of its adult weight to 90% Handedness o Dominant cerebral hemisphere : handedness is reflected by greater capacity of one side of the brain Language is right handed people comes from the left hemisphere Cerebellum : a structure that aids in balance and control of body movement o Connect to the cerebral cortex to support thinking
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: • Reticular formation : a structure in the brain stem that maintains alertness and consciousness • Corpus Callosum : large bundle of fiber connecting the two cortical hemispheres o Supports smooth coordination of movements on both sides of the body and integration of many aspects of thinking Influences on Growth • Pituitary gland : located at the base of the brain, plays a critical role by releasing two hormones to induce growth o Growth hormone : necessary for development of all body tissues except the central nervous system and genitals o Thyroid- stimulating hormone : prompts the thyroid gland to release thyroxine, which is necessary for brain development and for GH to have its full impact on body size...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 02/22/2012 for the course PSY 231 taught by Professor Limegrover during the Spring '08 term at Miami University.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online