Study Guide Ex1

Study Guide Ex1 - Americas Adolescents General Demographics...

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America’s Adolescent’s General Demographics 41 million o Slightly more than the adult population Caucasian 55% African American13.6% Latino 16.5% Asian 3.9% Where o 55% reside in suburbs o 27% rural o 19% central cities 18% live in poverty Health 11% had no health insurance 17% experienced food insecurities 17% are overweight 20% reported having mental health problems Sexual Activity Alcohol and sex, condom use, birth control Somewhat stable levels (1999, 2003, 2009) Experience with dangerous activities Weapon use Drunk driving Physical fighting (engaged or injured) Substance abuse Cocaine, pot, alcohol, cigarette History of Adolescents Creation of the late 19 th th centuries G. Stanley Hall- Father of developmental psychology Shift away from agricultural society Laws were created to help define adolescents o Child Labor Laws Restriction on minimum age of employment Types of work How long they could work o Compulsory Education Kids ages 6-18 had to be in an educational setting o Juvenile Delinquency Laws Immoral conduct in schools Hanging around immoral people Wandering the railroads Smoking cigarettes
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Definitions of Adolescents A phase of life beginning in biology and ending in society A period of transition, one when biological, psychological, and social characteristics typical of children change to become characteristics of typical adults o Transition implies changes taking place o Social characteristic refers to peer relations and identity The period of growth between childhood and adulthood Perceptions of Self Individualistic Collectivistic - Independent - Interdependent - Behavior reflect personal motives - Behavior is appropriate to status - Defines by unique traits - Fulfill the goals of a group - Asserting one’s self - Fitting in with others Periods of Adolescents Early (11-15) o Onset of puberty Late (16-19) o Changing gender roles- understand flexibility Emerging Adulthood (18-25) – physical and emotional independence o Begin the process of individuating from parents Gender Issues Stereotypes Andro vs. Gyno o Some guys with emotions and some females are athletic READING: STORM and STRESS 1. Is storm and stress universal? 2. What are the causes of storm and stress? Hormones, independence, mundane acts and peers 3. Contrast the traditional view with the modern view? Traditional views it more universal, inevitable and negative, whereas the modified view occurs at various
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2012 for the course PSY 333 taught by Professor Bornstein during the Spring '11 term at Miami University.

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Study Guide Ex1 - Americas Adolescents General Demographics...

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