Information Processing Theory Unit 3_noexp

Information Processing Theory Unit 3_noexp - Assumptions of...

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10/24/2011 1 Assumptions of the Information Processing Approach Cognitive processes influence learning. People are selective about what they pay attention to and learn. Meaning is personally constructed by the learner and is influenced by prior knowledge, experiences, and beliefs. LEARNING AS A CONSTRUCTIVE PROCESS Learning : A long-term change in mental representations or associations due to experience not brief and transitory but may not last forever presumably has its basis in the brain produces change due to experience Meaning is constructed by the learner … What do YOU have to do in order to see this dog?
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10/24/2011 2 Learners construct (create) new knowledge. Information-Processing Approach Information-processing theory represents a variety of specific theories about human cognition. Less concerned with external behaviors than with internal processes Three-Stage Model of Information Processing Information-processing model Terminology of Information Processing Memory (verb)-to save; (noun)-location where saved Encoding modify information for storage Storage “put in” (place) in memory location Retrieval “pull out” information from memory Sensory Memory Sensory memory - Holds fleeting sensory data that we register but do not yet process Unlimited capacity Holds input in raw, uninterpreted form Duration is extremely limited Visual (iconic) 1 second Auditory (echoic) 2-3 seconds
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10/24/2011 3 Sensory Memory - Attention In order to manage data, we pay attention to some things and ignore others. Criteria humans use to determine attention: 1. Size 2. Intensity 3. Novelty 4. Incongruity 5. Emotion 6. Personal significance Selective attention examples Do you see 4 people? Working Memory Working memory - Processes information from sensory memory, maintains new information in a heightened state of activity, and retrieves task-relevant information from long-term memory so that we can work with it Central executive- information supervisor within working memory Focusing attention Integrating information from both sensory and long term memory Selecting what strategies to use to process information, planning, and organizing complex behavior Three Assistants of Central Executive Phonological loop Allows for temporary storage and rehearsal of auditory information Visuospatial sketchpad Temporary storage and
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2012 for the course EDPY 401 taught by Professor Hurst during the Fall '09 term at South Carolina.

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Information Processing Theory Unit 3_noexp - Assumptions of...

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