Module 3 Glossary Concepts

Module 3 Glossary Concepts - Acronym Activation level...

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Acronym Activation level Attention Automatic processing Automaticity Central executive Chain mnemonic Chunking Conceptual knowledge Decay Declarative knowledge Effortful processing Elaborative rehearsal Encoding Episodic buffer Episodic knowledge Explicit knowledge Hierarchy Implicit knowledge Information Processing Theory Interference (proactive and retroactive) Keyword method Loci method Long term memory Maintenance rehearsal Mnemonic Network Theory Phonological loop Procedural Knowledge Recognition Recall Reconstruction error Rehearsal Retrieval cues Retrieval failure Schema theory Sensory Memory Spreading activation Task analysis Verbal mediator Visuospatial sketchpad Visual imagery Wait time Working memory Key Concepts: Information Processing Glossary Acronym: A form of abbreviation in which a word is formed from the first letter of each word to be remembered. Phrases or sentences formed out of the first letter of each item in a list to be remembered. Activation level: The degree to which a particular piece of information in memory is currently being attended to and mentally processed. Attention: The focusing of mental processes on particular environmental stimuli. Attention is defined as a cluster of integrated events and processes that determine which stimuli receive further processing. Automatic processing: Skills that are applied without conscious thought. Automaticity: The ability to respond quickly and efficiently while mentally processing or physically performing a task. Bottom-up Processing: Perceiving based on noticing separate defining features and assembling them into a recognizable pattern. Central Executive: The part of working memory that is responsible for monitoring and directing attention and other mental resources. Chain mnemonic: A method that connects the first item to be memorized to the second, the second with the third, and so forth or an approach that incorporates items to be remembered into a catchy jingle. Chunking: Grouping individual groups of data into meaningful larger units. Conceptual knowledge: A form of mental representation that reflects an understanding of declarative or procedural knowledge. Decay: A hypothesized weakening over time of information stored in long-term memory, especially if the information is used infrequently or not at all. Declarative knowledge:
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Module 3 Glossary Concepts - Acronym Activation level...

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