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Behavior2011_8_31_Bb - NEXT CLASS More on Environmental...

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More on Environmental Influences: Behavioral Theories of Learning Agenda Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning NEXT CLASS Positive reinforcement examples Negative Reinforcement University Good and bad discipline - (click on the hyperlinks on the schedule document in Blackboard) Bb: Dweck article on ‘Praise,’ Kohn article on ‘Good Job!’ “You often learn when you don’t intend to learn, and you often teach when you don’t intend to teach” Assumptions of Behaviorism Learning must include a change in behavior. Behavior occurs due to experiences in the environment. Learning must include an association between a stimulus and response. Contiguity - Simple associations Assumptions of Behaviorism The stimulus and response must occur close together in time. Immediate feedback in educational settings Learning processes are very similar across different species. Who is Pavlov?
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Learning by Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov Basic Components of Classical Conditioning Unconditioned Stimulus elicits response - meat Unconditioned Response a natural response salivation Neutral Stimulus associated with a physiological or emotional response- bell Conditioned Stimulus the original neutral stimulus - bell Conditioned Response- salivation Temporal Contiguity- close association in time Classical Conditioning Unconditioned stimulus - a behavior or event that evokes an automatic response Unconditioned response - Automatic behavior caused by a stimulus Neutral stimulus - An event that does not evoke an automatic response Learning will occur when a neutral stimulus is paired repeatedly with an unconditioned stimulus.
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