EDPY 401 Behavioral Consequences III

EDPY 401 Behavioral Consequences III - Behavioral...

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Behavioral Consequences III 1      The commonest technique of control in modern life is      punishment.  The pattern is familiar:  if a man does      not behave as you wish, knock him down; if a child      misbehaves, spank him; if the people of a country      misbehave, bomb them.    (Skinner, 1953, p. 182)       As stated above, the most common control technique at present is punishment (Skinner, 1953).  Governments rely on events such as fines and imprisonment and individuals exert control through censure,  disapproval, or banishment (p. 182).  In addition, punishment is not restricted to the actions of others.  For  example, a child who puts his hand into a flame is punished by being burned (p. 185). Types of punishment From the perspective of operant conditioning, behavior may be punished in either of two ways: (a) removal of a positive reinforcer, or (b) add a negative reinforcer.        Removal of a positive reinforcer .  An example of removing a positive reinforcer following  misbehavior is withdrawing privileges that formerly were implemented to reinforce behavior.  Included are  withdrawing the privilege of watching a favorite television program and canceling free-time activity in the  classroom for the day.        Adding a negative reinforcer .  Recall the situation in question 6 in the previous reading.  The parent  stopped nagging when the teenager started cleaning her room each day.  However, about a week later, the  teenager is careless in taking out the garbage, the bag breaks, and garbage spills out on the newly waxed  kitchen floor.  The parent angrily fusses at the teenager again.        Time-out .  The term  time-out  refers to the brief removal (typically 15-20 minutes) of a student from a  setting that is providing reinforcement.  The student may be seated in a back corner of the room, for  example, away from the class. Effects of punishment
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2012 for the course EDPY 401 taught by Professor Hurst during the Fall '09 term at South Carolina.

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EDPY 401 Behavioral Consequences III - Behavioral...

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