class notes 1 - [LEXICAL MEANING and EQUIVALENCE AT WORD...

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[LEXICAL MEANING and EQUIVALENCE AT WORD LEVEL] WORD ABOVE WORD - PHRASES TEXT (coherence and cohesion) [WORD] Smallest unit of language that can be used by itself ? [ ~ Utterances] [MORPHEME] Smallest unit of language that possess individual meaning; the minimal formal element of meaning in language Plural (-s in cars, -es in matches) Gender (-er for masculine in widower, -ess for feminine in waitress) Negation (un- unhappy, -less in useless) [WORDS vs. MORPHEMES] A morpheme cannot contain more than one element of meaning and cannot be further analysed Some words are composed of only ONE morpheme: the morpheme and the word levels coincide (fast, beer) Other words contain MORE THAN ONE morpheme: (re-use, use-ful- ness, use-less, accept-ing, waitr-ess, in-conceive-able, anti-dis- establish-ment-aria-nism) PREFIXES: derivational morphemes that occur at the front of the word SUFFIXES: derivational morphemes that occur at the end of the word [LEXICAL MEANING and EQUIVALENCE AT WORD LEVEL]
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2012 for the course SMLM 141 taught by Professor Olgacastro/xuzhuangli during the Fall '10 term at University of Exeter.

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class notes 1 - [LEXICAL MEANING and EQUIVALENCE AT WORD...

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