class notes 11 - ABOVE THE WORD COLLOCATIONS...

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ABOVE THE WORD COLLOCATIONS IDIOMS [COLLOCATION] Tendency of certain words to co-occur regularly in a given language -largely arbitrary -independent of meaning (“deliver”: deliver news, a letter, lecture, a blow, a verdict, a baby...) DIFFICULTIES FOR THE TRANSLATOR 1) To recognise an SL collocation . 2) To find an acceptable TL equivalent , taking care not to be led astray by the TL form into a literal translation that might be stilted or even misleading TENSION BETWEEN NATURALNESS & ACCURACY (FR) ... tel est le triste bilan du très violent incendie que, à la suite d’une forte explosion de gaz, a entièrement ravagé un restaurant ... (EN) violent incendie (Lit. Violent fire, blaze) ? INTENSE BLAZE (EN) forte explosion (Lit. Strong explosion) ? POWERFUL EXPLOSION (EN) ravager un restaurant (Lit. Ravage a restaurant) ?? ENTIRELY GUTTED THE RESTAURANT [ravage collocates with nouns such as ‘face’ and ‘landscape’, but not ‘restaurant’] (FR) une nuit blanche (Lit. A night in white) (ES) una noche en vela (Lit. A night in candle) (EN) ?
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