100ch4 - Chapter 4 Language Language I Language A...

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Chapter 4 Language
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2 Language I. Language: A rule-guided system of symbols that allows us to take messages and utterances, in the form or words, and translate them into meaning A. Language is a System of Symbols 1. Symbol (Signifier): a sign or word used to define a person, idea, or object 2. Referents (Signified): the objects being perceived 1. References: thoughts about observed object (Ogden, Richards) 1. Denotative meaning: the dictionary meaning 5. Connotative meaning: personal associations that individuals make for a symbol
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3 Language from p. 87
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4 Language From page 88 in your book.
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5 Language B. Language is Guided by Rules 1. Constitutive Rules 2. Regulative Rules From page 89 in your book
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6 How is Language Important? II. How is Language Important? Two Approaches A. Sapir-Whorf hypothesis: based on a form of linguistic determinism –language determines what we see in the world and how we think. B. Social constructionism: States that language creates our perceptions of reality, as well as the kinds of relationships we enter into with one another Web Link: Sapir-Whorf and Ethnolinguistics
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