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Unformatted text preview: Umayyads (r. 661-750) Dome of the Rock – 691 Abd al-Malik, Umayyad empire, gold leaf mosaics, geometric designs with emphasis on symmetry, built on platform formally known as Solomon’s temple, the rock is thought to be the spot where Muhammad ascended to heaven, Jeweled vases and celestial plants glorify the Rock and create other-worldly ambience, employing new symbols of power and Paradise 'Abd al-Malik – 5 th Umayyad Caliph (685 – 705); built the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, first time the Caliphate began to mints its own coins in place of Byzantine and Sasanian money Great Mosque of Damascus 706 – 715 Hypostyle plan, has a shrine to St. John the Baptist in the prayer hall, green and gold mosaics, Distaste for figural ornament in a religious context (animals) Al-Walid I – Umayyad Caliph (705 – 715) He demolished the Christian Basilica of St. John the Baptist to build a great mosque, Great Mosque of Damascus Hisham – 10 th Umayyad Caliph (723 – 743) Khirbat al-Mafjar - His palace was modeled on a Roman bath house and was covered with exquisite colored mosaics and stucco. A mosaic in his bathroom: al-Walid II – Caliph (743 – 744)...
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- Fall '10
- Mosque, Medina, Damascus, Abd al-Malik, Umayyad Caliph, Hypostyle – Mosque