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Unit 1The Evolution of PsychologyStudy Questions and objectives1. Identify the origins of the wordpsychologyand the twodisciplines that were the intellectual parents ofpsychology. (p. 3)
2. Which of Descartes' ideas advanced the naturalistic study ofpsychology. (pp. 3-4)PhilosophyPhysiologyPsychology
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3. Summarize Wundt's accomplishments and contributions to thefield of psychology. (pp. 4-5)
4. Definestructuralismandfunctionalism. Compare these twoconcepts. Specify their impact on the developmentof psychology. Which of these did Darwin's theory of evolutionimpact the most? (pp. 5-7)
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Structuralism differed from Functionalism in the way that itfocused on the structure of consciousness rather than theFunctionalists investigation of the function/purpose ofconsciousness.Structuralism brought forward psychology’s research labs andintrospection. Functionalism brought forward mental testing andthe early thoughts of behaviorism with their thoughts on howpeople adapt to the demands of the world.Darwin’s theory of evolution impacted functionalism because ittheorized that humans and animals evolved because of theirphysical characteristics because they were useful or functional.

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