21301 - Stigma and Discrimination Related to HIV/AIDS Dr...

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Stigma and Discrimination Related to HIV/AIDS Dr KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI Dr S.K. CHATURVEDI
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Lesson Objectives Define and identify HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination Better understand international and national human right issues Clarify personal values and attitudes with regard to HIV/AIDS prevention and care Know how to address stigma and discrimination in the context of providing HIV services
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Definition The Microsoft Word Dictionary defines stigma as the shame or disgrace attached to something regarded as socially unacceptable. Sociologists have taken this a bit further. In a seminal study on stigma in 1963, stigma was defined as an attribute that is seen as deeply discrediting to a person or group (Goffmann). Those attributes could be an illness, physical deformity, aberrant behaviour or social group (based upon religion or ethnicity, etc.). Stigma lets people or groups see differences or "others" in a negative light while confirming their own sense of normalcy and decency. Subsequent researchers have viewed this more as a social process that creates or perpetuates social inequities and which is used to legitimise discrimination. While this is generally true, stigma can also be a primal human response- particularly in the case of fearing a disease that is transmissible and potentially incurable.
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Stigma and discrimination Stigma refers to unfavourable attitudes and beliefs directed toward someone or something Discrimination is the treatment of an individual or group with partiality or prejudice Stigmatization reflects an a ttitude Discrimination is an act or behavior
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Root Causes 1.The role of knowledge about HIV and AIDS and fear surrounding it
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2012 for the course HISTORY 308 taught by Professor St. john during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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21301 - Stigma and Discrimination Related to HIV/AIDS Dr...

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