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24131 - HIV/AIDS and children with special reference to...

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HIV/AIDS and children with special reference to India’s response for Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS, Treatment & Care Dr. S.K CHATURVEDI Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI
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OBJECTIVES To have an understanding of the issues problem of HIV in women and children To have an understanding of India’s response to these problems and issues To have knowledge of the scale up strategy for services
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Global HIV/AIDS IN 2005 Effect on Children 40.3 million people are living with HIV/AIDS 2.3 million are children under 15 years 700,000 children< 15 years were newly infected with HIV 5,70,000 children died of HIV More than 14 million children <15yrs have lost one or both parents to AIDS
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ADULT HIV PREVALENCE High Prevalence States
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Rationale for PPTCT in India 27 million pregnancies per year* 1,89,000 infected pregnancies per year Cohort of 56,700 infected newborns per year
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SCALE UP STRATEGY The National Prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PPTCT) Programme was launched by Government of India in December 2002 in the country in a phased manner by adopting a multisectoral, decentralized, phased and incremental approach In the first phase of the programme the medical colleges of the six high prevalence states were covered followed by district hospitals Care in high prevalence of these states and medical colleges of the vulnerable and highly vulnerable states In the second phase the programme was scaled up to the district hospitals of the low prevalence states and sub district level in high prevalence states.
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PMTCT Policy and Guidelines/Targets National Guidelines on PPTCT were formulated in 2001- 2002. These guidelines give directions for establishing a
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