28831 - Roundtable Presentation S Tripathy National AIDS...

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Roundtable Presentation S Tripathy National AIDS Research Institute 73 G Block, MIDC Bhosari, Pune-411026, India
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Epidemiology of HIV/ AIDS in India National AIDS Research Institute, Pune, India
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Indian HIV/ AIDS epidemic [ Important milestones] 1986 First report of HIV infections in sex workers in Chennai, first report of AIDS in Mumbai 1989 HIV infection reported among intravenous drug users in Manipur State 1991 Indian National AIDS Control Programme was launched 2000- 01 India PMTCT feasibility studies initiated by NACO 2001 Indian pharmaceutical companies marketed ARV drugs with considerable price reduction
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Phases of spread of HIV epidemic in India Phase I At risk population Female sex workers Intravenous drug users Phase II Bridge population Male STD patients Other drug users Phase III Low/ No risk population Spouses of male STD pts Spouses of drug users Phase IV Children of HIV infected women Children of HIV infecteddrug users Commonest mode of HIV spread in India is by sexual route Mother to child transmission is on the rise HIV spread among intravenous drug users mostly in north-eastern states Blood transfusion associated spread is on the decline
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Factors related to HIV infection  [STD clinic attendees in Pune] * Practice of sex work * No. of sex partners * Receptive anal sex  * Females in sex work (FSW)   * Men having sex with FSW recently
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