34151 - HIV/AIDS: Insight Into Its Impact Part-I Prasanta...

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HIV/AIDS: Insight Into Its Impact Part-I Prasanta K. Saha, M.Sc., CSTAT (UK), FRSS (UK). Chartered Statistician [RSS-UK], Visiting Fellow: University of Hawaii [EWC], USA. Ex-Professor: Asia-Pacific Institute of Management, New Delhi. Former Additional Director General (rank of Additional Secretary): Beforehand Chief Director: Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India, Nirman Bhawan, New Delhi 110011. M: +91.9836315936. E-mail: [email protected] , [email protected]
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HIV/AIDS: Insight Into Its Impact INTRODUCTION Before we analyze impact of HIV/AIDS, we need to discuss important features, concepts and definitions of this pandemic. Very Interesting Features: HIV/AIDS: predominately a sexually transmitted disease First concept surfaced in 1981. ____________________________________________ The phenomenon of HIV/AIDS surfaced first in the US in the June 5, 1981 issue of ‘Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report’ published by US Center of Disease Control, Atlanta.
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HIV/AIDS: Insight Into Its Impact Death rates among young people caused by HIV/AIDS are of extraordinarily high: perhaps first time in the history of mankind. Similar most deadly epidemic spreading all over the world was Plague. Plague destroyed adverse feudal systems in economic growth thus increasing demand of labor.
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Introduction-Contd. A very interesting aspect of AIDS epidemic: it has spread globally so rapidly due to excellent means of communications in the modern world. Risk of HIV/AIDS follows inequality between the rich and the poor. In the analytical review of impact, a long perspective will be of importance. In respect of socio-economic impact of the AIDS epidemic, the impact is relevant in short and long range of time scale.
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Introduction-Contd. Impact is generally measured at 4 levels: Individual Household Community National
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Introduction-Contd The Horrific Impact AIDS may, it is feared, change the history of many poorest countries. It may ruin development of human society achieved in about 5 decades. Development now is to be reviewed in association with HIV/AIDS keeping in view the following: Incident of HIV infection Incident of TB: most well known epidemic Incident of AIDS illness Phase of Impact: poverty, orphaning and other effects.
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Definitions of Epidemic Epidemic: an unusually high rate of disease affecting a large number of people in a short time. An epidemic is a relative concept. Epidemics do not just happen. They are not random events. The disease has been used to stigmatize various groups. Stigmatization is itself an important
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2012 for the course HISTORY 308 taught by Professor St. john during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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34151 - HIV/AIDS: Insight Into Its Impact Part-I Prasanta...

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