5411 - OPPORTUNISTICFUNGAL INFECTIONS SmiljaKalenic,MD,PhD...

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OPPORTUNISTIC FUNGAL  INFECTIONS Smilja Kalenic, MD, PhD Clinical Hospital Centre  Zagreb, Croatia
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LEARNING AND PERFORMANCE  OBJECTIVES   to learn about the most frequent   opportunistic fungi  and to understand  main risk factors  for developing  infection  to be able  to predict  the most  probable agent of invasive fungal  infection in a particular compromised  patient state and to be able  to act  preventively
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FUNGI EUCARIOTIC ORGANISMS TWO BASIC FORMS: - YEASTS   - MOLDS 
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MYCOSES 1. SUPERFICIAL 2. CUTANEOUS 3. SUBCUTANEOUS
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MYCOSES 4. ENDEMIC (PRIMARY,  SYSTEMIC):  Histoplasma capsulatum,  Coccidioides immitis,  Blastomyces dermatitidis,  Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
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MYCOSES 5.   OPPORTUNISTIC endogenous  Candida  (different species) -   Pneumocystis carinii  (?)
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MYCOSES 5.   OPPORTUNISTIC exogenous - Cryptococcus neoformans - Aspergillus  (different  species) Zygomycetes MANY OTHER FUNGI
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Candida albicans  and other   Candida  species Harmless inhabitants of the  skin and mucous  membranes of all humans Normal immune system  keeps candida on body  surfaces
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MAIN DEFENSE  MECHANISMS AGAINST  CANDIDA I.
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5411 - OPPORTUNISTICFUNGAL INFECTIONS SmiljaKalenic,MD,PhD...

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