40031 - VectorBorneDiseases ControlProgram...

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Vector Borne Diseases  Control Program     DR. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI
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02/22/12 Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI 2 Vector Borne Diseases Control  Programme Launched in 2003-04 by merging  programmes .Japanese B Encephalitis and  Dengue/DHF have also been included in  this Program Directorate of NAMP is the nodal agency  for prevention and control of major Vector  Borne Diseases
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02/22/12 Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI 3 Strategies for National Vector Control Program The basic approach for vector borne diseases control involves a strategy directed against the parasite and vector and to enlist the involvement of community in practicing various preventive measures  
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02/22/12 Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI 4 Strategies contd. Disease management Insecticide resistance Involvement of NGOs /private  sector/community Quality assurance on laboratory  diagnosis Long lasting insecticide treated nets
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02/22/12 Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI 5 Contd. Improve quality and efficiency of services  at primary, secondary and tertiary levels Environmental management Monitoring and evaluation Collaboration with National Malaria  Institute of malaria research and medical  colleges Inter-sectoral collaboration
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02/22/12 Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI 6 National  Anti Malaria Programme Started in 1953 as NMCP with Two rounds of  residual insecticidal (DDT) spray as the mainstay of  the program. Dramatic reduction of malaria mortality and morbidity  lead to National Malaria Eradication Programme   with malaria eradication as a goal in 1958. Reverses to the programme and resurgence of  malaria due to Technical, Operational and  Administrative causes necessitated changing it to  ‘Modified Plan of Operation’ in1977.
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02/22/12 Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI 7 Magnitude of the problem Provisional data for the year 2004 reveals the largest  numbers of cases in the country were reported by  Orissa, followed by Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, West  Bengal, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh and  Rajasthan and the largest numbers of deaths were  reported by Orissa, followed by West Bengal,  Mizoram, Jharkhand, Meghalaya, Karnataka, Tripura  and Assam. 1.87 million cases of malaria (including 0.86million  P.falciparum cases) and 1006 deaths were reported  from the country in 2003
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02/22/12 Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI 8 Vectors of malaria Anopheles culicifacies  is the main vector of  malaria  1. Feeding habits It is a zoophilic species  When high densities build up relatively large numbers  feed on men  2. Resting habits Rests during daytime in human dwellings and cattle  sheds 
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02/22/12 Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2012 for the course HIST 312 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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40031 - VectorBorneDiseases ControlProgram...

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