HW+1+solutions

HW+1+solutions - 45B HW #1 Solutions 1. Gibbs opened up the...

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45B HW #1 Solutions 1. Gibbs opened up the domain of thermodynamics from closed systems to open systems by introducing the “chemical potential”. He was the first person to introduce the term “Gibbs free energy” and “enthalpy”. He devised much of the theoretical foundation for chemical thermodynamics as well as physical chemistry. He introduced the "phase rule". The book “The collected works of J. Willard Gibbs” introduces Gibbs’ contribution, and the book “Thermodynamics and the free energy of chemical substances” laid down the foundation of chemical engineering. 2. Based on two centuries of observation performed exclusively from bulk matter, it is established that undisturbed macroscopic systems spontaneously approach equilibrium states that are characterized by a small number of thermodynamic variables. 3. First law : Energy can be neither created nor destroyed. It can only be converted from one form to another. Second law
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course CBEMS 45B taught by Professor Shi during the Spring '12 term at UC Irvine.

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HW+1+solutions - 45B HW #1 Solutions 1. Gibbs opened up the...

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