Thinking Geographically-2009Bb

Thinking Geographically-2009Bb - Geography of Nebraska...

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Geography of Nebraska Spring 2009 University of Nebraska, Lincoln Department of Anthropology-Geography Dr. Katherine Nashleanas
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Geographers take a spatial perspective and ask “where ” things are, “why ” they are there, how are they connected , and what can this mean? Geography is a holistic and integrated discipline, but it is often divided into two distinct types of interests … Thinking Geographically
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2 Geography is a holistic discipline that incorporates both scientific and social data Physical Science Topography/landforms Climate Soil and vegetation Hydrography Social Science History Population Culture Political development Economic activities Agriculture Manufacturing Services Globalization
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Early geography was based on observation Collected information from across the known world Ptolemy’s Guide to Geography (AD 100?-170?) – 8 volumes But how to depict the information? Mapmaking codified based on mathematics and geometry Traced back to the Greeks and Romans…
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0 o 180 o 180 o 360 o 90 o 90 o N S
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Torrid Zone Temperate Zone Temperate Zone Frigid Zone Frigid Zone Greece 40 o N 90 o N 90 o S 0 o
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180 o 180 o 0 o Lines running North and South are lines of longitude. Each line is really a Great Circle that is 180 , each circle cutting the Earth exactly in half. o
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World Map of 2 nd century A.D. Scholar, Geographer (Claudius Ptolemaeus) Ptolemy
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Fall of the Roman Empire Enter the Dark Ages in Europe…. . Little progress in science Maps became more fanciful – the Earth became a flat disk surrounded by imaginary animals and monsters Orientation was not to the observed but to belief Such as …
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began Age of Exploration and Discovery Scientific work returned from Moslem world, translated back into the languages of Europe … Enter Columbus, Magellan, others Needed accurate maps for navigation not description Used earlier measurements and descriptions and added more information from travels Created more accurate navigation maps Some of these maps are so accurate they are still used today!
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Thinking Geographically-2009Bb - Geography of Nebraska...

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