Advances in Palaeolithic-c

Advances in Palaeolithic-c - Advances in the Palaeolithic...

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Advances in the Palaeolithic
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In addition to developments in stone tools, advances in the Palaeolithic include housing, fire, burial and art. We can therefore begin with a look at potential models of Palaeolithic lifeways:
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Architecture This is necessarily simple given the nomadic lifestyle of hunter-gatherers. In the Oldowan, we found some stone circles and lines which may suggest windbreaks.
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Most Lower Palaeolithic sites are cave sites. These sometimes have evidence for wind- breaks built near entrances.
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Non-cave sites have occasionally been found. What we find are patterns of stones on the ground. These are interpreted as very simple huts--probably no more than a framework of saplings with hides or brush on top. Stones used to weight edges and poles all that is found. The best example is the Lower Palaeolithic site of Terra Amata.
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Terra Amata Reconstruction
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We have more in the way of housing in Middle and Upper Palaeolithic periods, especially in areas where caves are not available. E.g. in Austria and the Ukraine where they used mammoth tusks and bones to build their houes. Trees were absent there at that time. These would have been covered with brush and skins. We find quite large structures up to 27 by 45 feet in size, but perhaps they were not roofed. They could have housed a more than one household.
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These are found especially in Ukraine and Austria.
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Fire The first evidence for use of fire comes from Oldowan, but it is very controversial Some bone with tool marks was burned but this could easily have happened in a wildfire after it was left behind on the ground.
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By the Lower Palaeolithic we have evidence of hearths in most sites--including all the open air sites mentioned above.
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This certainly represents the ability to capture fire from naturally occuring fires--and keep it alive. Fire would have been carried from place to place as moved.
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Advances in Palaeolithic-c - Advances in the Palaeolithic...

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