105 Soc Perspective&Methods, Pt1

105 Soc Perspective&Methods, Pt1 - Lets Start Thinking...

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Let’s Start Thinking Like Sociologists. What is sociology? How does it achieve its goals? Are there other sciences that over-lap with it? 1
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What is Sociology? Sociology is the systematic study of human society.” (our textbook, p2) 2
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What Does Systematic imply? We use certain repeatable methods to explore human society. The basic method? The Scientific Method This method gives us our best shot at discovering reliable insights. It allows us to correct our errors. 3
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The Steps of the Scientific Method 4
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Test with Experiments? WHAT? YIKES! You must be joking! Sociologists do experiments on human societies? I don’t think so! We have to talk about this. 5
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1. Experiments Investigates cause-and-effect under highly controlled conditions Creates “real-life” situations, introduces a variable and then observes the effects Useful for testing specific hypotheses Advantages : good control over variables strong ability to test hypotheses Disadvantages : questionable ethics impossible variables for lab setting 6
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1. Experiments Investigates cause-and-affect under highly controlled conditions Creates “real-life” situations, introduces a variable and then observes the effects Useful for testing specific hypotheses Advantages : good control over variables strong ability to test hypotheses Disadvantages : questionable ethics impossible variables in lab setting 7
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The Solution…. . Limit the use of laboratory experiments. When possible, use
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105 Soc Perspective&Methods, Pt1 - Lets Start Thinking...

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