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Ceramics 2012 - Ceramics By around 7,000 B.C we find the...

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Ceramics
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By around 7,000 B.C. we find the first evidence for ceramics . Here at Ganj Dareh in Iran we have a burned building with some large vats which are baked in the fire, and some smaller pots. This may suggest that ceramic manufacture predated the time when we find actual pots. Some experimental work has shown that very low fired pottery will hold up for a few years, but not for ever.
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Manufacturing Techniques Building up the body. Need to add tempering material to clay for it to hold up: Chaff Grit All kinds of other stuff--shell, quartz, mica, etc.
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Techniques for making pottery by hand: Coil Paddle Slab
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Coil-made pottery— building up the sides and smoothing them down.
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Paddle and anvil involves beating the clay into shape.
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Wheel made pottery Big change comes with potters wheel. Either someone has to sit below and turn the wheel Or you kick a fly wheel This involves investment in a machine. But that machine can make much more pottery than could be done by hand.
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This leads to full-time specialization. Because it can be made so fast, time-consuming approaches, like painting, often stop being done.
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Drying—you need to let the pot become dry before you fire it or it will crack as the moisture within the clay boils.
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