{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

menwhochangedjudaism

menwhochangedjudaism - Men who changed Judaism Mark...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Men who changed Judaism Mark Eldridge Pol 493 Professor Goodhart
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Judaism, just like other religions, is echoed by its stories, history, and teachings. Throughout its history Judaism has had its fair share of ups in downs from the holocaust to the creation of Zionism. Its history has a foundation built by a select group of men. Three of these men have changed the history of Judaism forever. Abraham, Hitler, and Herzl are men who created the foundation of Judaism through both the good and bad. This essay is going to look at each of these men from the perspectives of bibliographers, Leonard Woolley, J.P. Stern, and Steven Beller. First up is Abraham from Leonard Woolley’s book Abraham: Recent Discoveries and Hebrew Origins . In the first chapter Woolley begins by outlining what an important figure Abraham is. He goes on to explain that three of the great religions Jewish, Christian, and Moslem consider Abraham to be a chief prophet. (Woolley pg.19) It is during this time that scholars argue about the value of oral tradition. Woolley states that they found clay tablets at Tell Hesy and Tell Mesilim that prove that written documents existed during the time and were widely used mainly for business correspondence. (Woolley pg. 25) This proves that even if Moses five books took their present form as late as the fifth century, the writers had documents of the events that took place. However, of all the thousands of documents uncovered none of them portray the five books of Moses. So Woolley states that the story of Abraham was carried on as an Oral tradition. (Woolley pg. 30) This causes a problem because it does not help solidify any hard evidence of Abraham’s existence. Even in the uncovering of Ur which is considered Abraham’s birthplace has not revealed any hard evidence of Abraham. Woolley finishes the chapter by sharing that the seventh chapter will be his conclusion and summary of the evidence given about Abraham’s life. However, He states that there is “no direct evidence” but there is “indirect evidence” to support claims about Abraham’s life. (Woolley pg. 52)
Image of page 2
The second chapter begins by talking about the confusion of the exact location of Ur. Previously, on many biblical maps Ur was placed on the spot where Urfa stands today, however, Woolley goes to great lengths to show that is not the case. He states that Urfa was never called Ur. He also states that Ur was a Chaldaean city and there has never been a time in Urfa’s history where it has been described as a Chaldaean city. Also, Urfa’s geographical location just doesn’t make sense to where Ur should be. (Woolley pg.60-61) Woolley then describes the tale of J.E. Taylor, who was investigating ruins in southern Mesopotamia where he discovered the true site of Ur. He found texts and artifacts that described the city as Babylon. However, over time the change in the flow of the Euphrates’ has caused the ruins of Ur to erode away making it harder for any kind of excavation’s to continue. (Woolley pg. 67) Chapter three is mainly just about describing the city of Ur. The city was built close to the
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern