myers1 - Myers PSYCHOLOGY Module 1(9th Edition in Modules...

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Myers PSYCHOLOGY (9th Edition in Modules) Module 1 The Story of Psychology
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Psychology’s Roots Prescientific Psychology Is the mind connected to the body or distinct? Ancient Greeks speculated about the source of human knowledge, the nature of the mind and soul, the relationship of mind to body, and the possibility of scientifically studying these things. Are ideas inborn or is the mind a blank slate filled by experience?
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Empiricism knowledge comes from experience via the senses Empiricists like John Locke challenged the idea of the “ tabula rasa.” Plato and Descartes believed in the “blank slate.” (1600s) science flourishes through observation and experiment
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Wilhelm Wundt Wilhelm Wundt opened the first psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig (c. 1879). Wundt believed Psychology should study consciousness and focused on structuralism, the structure of the human mind.
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Structuralism Structuralism used introspection (looking in) to explore the elemental structure of the human mind
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Functionalism Functionalism focused on how behavioral processes function- how they enable organism to adapt, survive, and flourish William James suggested considering the function of thoughts and feelings rather than the structure. For example, smelling is what the nose does and smelling developed because it is adaptive.
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Early Psychologists Sigmund Freud : (1856-1939): Discovered the unconscious mind and developed Psychodynamic theory, a theory of development and a theory of personality. John B. Watson : Felt the study of consciousness or the unconscious mind was a waste of time and that psychology should only study overt behavior. B.F. Skinner developed operant conditioning and the functional analysis of behavior.
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Psychology’s Roots British Psychological Society membership
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Ennis during the Winter '09 term at Waterloo.

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myers1 - Myers PSYCHOLOGY Module 1(9th Edition in Modules...

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