myers14 - Myers PSYCHOLOGY Module 14 Infancy and Childhood...

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Unformatted text preview: Myers PSYCHOLOGY Module 14 Infancy and Childhood Infancy and Childhood: Physical Development Maturation biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior relatively uninfluenced by experience Infancy and Childhood: Physical Development The brain is immature at birth As the child matures, the neural networks grow increasingly more complicated At birth 3 months 15 months Cortical Neurons Infancy and Childhood: Physical Development Babies only 3 months old can learn that kicking moves a mobile- and can retain that learning for a month Motor Development First, infants begin to roll over. Next, they sit unsupported, crawl, and finally walk. Experience has little effect on this sequence. R e n e e A l t i e r f o r W o r t h P u b l i s h e r s J i m C r a i g m y l e / C o r b i s P h o t o t a k e I n c . / A l a m y I m a g e s P r o f i m e d i a . C Z s . r . o . / A l a m y Cognitive Development Piaget believed that the driving force behind intellectual development is our biological development amidst experiences with the environment. Our cognitive development is shaped by the errors we make. B o t h p h o t o s : C o u r t e s y o f J u d y D e L o a c h e Schemas Schemas are mental molds into which we pour our experiences. Infancy and Childhood: Cognitive Development Schema a concept or framework that organizes and interprets information Assimilation interpreting ones new experience in terms of ones existing schemas Infancy and Childhood: Cognitive Development Accommodation adapting ones current understandings (schemas) to incorporate new information Cognition All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating After Nadia learned that penguins can't fly, she had to modify her existing concept of birds. This best illustrates the process of: A. conservation....
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Ennis during the Winter '09 term at Waterloo.

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myers14 - Myers PSYCHOLOGY Module 14 Infancy and Childhood...

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