myers23 - Myers PSYCHOLOGY Module 23 Classical Conditioning...

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Myers PSYCHOLOGY Module 23 Classical Conditioning James A. McCubbin, PhD Clemson University Worth Publishers
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Learning Learning relatively permanent change in an organism’s behavior due to experience
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Association We learn by association Our minds naturally connect events that occur in sequence Aristotle 2000 years ago John Locke and David Hume 200 years ago Associative Learning learning that two events occur together two stimuli (classical conditioning) a response and its consequences (operant conditioning)
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Association Learning to associate two events Event 1 Event 2 Sea snail associates splash with a tail shock Seal learns to expect a snack for its showy antics
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Classical or Pavlovian Conditioning We learn to associate two stimuli
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Operant Conditioning We learn to associate a response and its consequence
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Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov 1849-1936 Russian physician/ neurophysiologist Nobel Prize in 1904 for his work on digestive processes. Accidentally discovered classical conditioning and continued to study it.
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Pavlov’s Classic Experiment Before Conditioning During Conditioning After Conditioning UCS (food in mouth) Neutral stimulus (tone) No salivation UCR (salivation) Neutral stimulus (tone) UCS (food in mouth) UCR (salivation) CS (tone) CR (salivation)
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Classical Conditioning Pavlov’s device for recording salivation
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Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning Classical conditioning: basic learning process that involves repeatedly paring a neutral stimulus with a response-producing stimulus until the neutral stimulus elicits the same response as the response-producing stimulus Learning to associate one thing (a stimulus) with another Because responses occur automatically, this type of learning is involuntary.
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