myers24 - Myers PSYCHOLOGY Module 24 Operant Conditioning...

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Unformatted text preview: Myers PSYCHOLOGY Module 24 Operant Conditioning Operant Conditioning Organisms learn associations between particular behaviors (as opposed to particular stimuli in classical conditioning) and consequences. Behaviors are voluntary and elicited from the organism. Operant conditioning involves learning to choose to engage in certain behaviors in order to receive rewards or avoid consequences. Operant : a response that has some effect on the world. Thorndikes Law of Effect If a response made in the presence of a particular stimulus is rewarded, the response is more likely to occur the next time the stimulus is encountered again. Instrumental Conditioning Skinner extended this idea by saying that an organism learns a response by operating on the environment. Operant Conditioning Operant Conditioning Respondent Behavior occurs as an automatic response to stimulus behavior learned through classical conditioning Operant Behavior operates (acts) on environment produces consequences Operant Chamber Using Thorndike's law of effect as a starting point, Skinner developed the Operant chamber, or the Skinner box, to study operant conditioning. W a l t e r D a w n / P h o t o R e s e a r c h e r s , I n c . From The Essentials of Conditioning and Learning, 3 rd Edition by Michael P. Domjan, 2005. Used with permission by Thomson Learning, Wadsworth Division Shaping Shaping is the operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior towards the desired target behavior through successive approximations....
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myers24 - Myers PSYCHOLOGY Module 24 Operant Conditioning...

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