myers28 - Storage: Retaining Information Module 28 1...

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1 Storage: Retaining  Information  Module 28
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2 Storage: Retaining Information At the heart of memory is storage. Three stores  of memory are shown below: Sensory Memory Working Memory Long-term Memory Encoding Retrieval Encoding Events Retrieval
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3 Sensory Memory Sensory Memory Working Memory Long-term Memory Encoding Retrieval Encoding Events Retrieval
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4 Whole Report The exposure time for the stimulus is so small, that items cannot be rehearsed. R  G  T F  M  Q L  Z  S 50 ms (1/20 second) “Recall” R T M Z (44% recall) Sperling (1960)
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5 Partial Report Low Tone Medium Tone High Tone “Recall” J R S (100% recall) Sperling (1960) argued that sensory memory capacity was  larger than what was originally thought. 50 ms (1/20 second) S  X  T J  R  S P  K  Y
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6 Time Delay “Recall” N _ _ (33% recall) Time Delay 50 ms (1/20 second) A  D  I N  L  V O  G  H Low Tone Medium Tone High Tone
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7 Sensory Memory The longer the delay the greater the memory loss. 20 40 60 80 Percent Recognized 0.15 0.30 0.50 1.00 Time (Seconds)
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8 Sensory Memories Iconic 0.5 sec. long Echoic 3-4 sec. long Hepatic < 1 sec. long Duration of sensory memory differs for different  senses.
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9 Working Memory Sensory Memory Working Memory Long-term Memory Encoding Retrieval Encoding Events Retrieval
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In the list of items I just heard, I remembered: A. 5 items or less B. 6 items C. 7 items D. 8 or more items 10
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myers28 - Storage: Retaining Information Module 28 1...

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