myers30 - Forgetting, Memory Construction and Applying...

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1 Forgetting, Memory  Construction and Applying  Memory Principles to Your  Own Education Module 30
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2 Forgetting, Memory Construction  and… Memory Construction… Source Amnesia Discerning True and False Memories Children’s Eyewitness Recall Repressed or Constructed Memories of  Abuse? Improving Memory
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3 Forgetting Inability to retrieve information, due to poor  encoding, storage or retrieval.
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4 Encoding Failure We cannot remember what we did not encode.
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5 Which penny is real?
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6 Storage Decay Poor durability of stored memories leads to  their decay. Ebbinghaus showed this with his  forgetting curve.
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7 Retaining Spanish Bahrick (1984) showed a similar pattern of forgetting  and retention over 50 years. A n d r e w H o l b k / C i s
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8 Retrieval Failure Although the information is retained in the memory  store it cannot be accessed. Tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) is a retrieval failure phenomenon.  Given a cue (What makes the blood cells red?) the subject  says the word begins with an  H  (hemoglobin).
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We have all had the experience of the tip-of- the-tongue phenomenon. We are asked to remember someone’s name. We are certain that we know the name and feel as if we are just about to remember it, yet it remains elusive. What type of forgetting might be at work here? A. encoding failure B. retroactive interference C. retrieval failure D. motivated forgetting
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10 Interference Learning some information may disrupt retrieval of other information.
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During her evening Spanish language exam, Janica so easily remembers the French vocabulary she studied that morning that she finds it difficult to
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myers30 - Forgetting, Memory Construction and Applying...

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