myers32 - 1 Language and Thought Module 32 2 Language Our...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Language and Thought Module 32 2 Language Our spoken, written, or gestured word, it is the way we communicate meaning to ourselves and others. Language transmits culture. M . & E . B e r n h e i m / W o o d f i n C a m p & A s s o c i a t e s Language Development Children learn their native languages much before learning to add 2+2. We learn, on average (after age 1), 3,500 words a year, amassing 60,000 words by the time we graduate from high school. T i m e L i f e P i c t u r e s / G e t t y I m a g e s When do we learn language? Babbling Stage: Beginning at 4 months, the infant spontaneously utters various sounds, like ah-goo . Babbling is not imitation of adult speech. 5 Language Structure Phonemes: The smallest distinctive sound unit in a spoken language. For example: bat, has three phonemes b a t chat, has three phonemes ch a t 6 Language Structure Morpheme: The smallest unit that carries meaning may be a word or a part of a word. For example: Milk = milk Pumpkin = pump . kin Unforgettable = un for get table 7 Structuring Language Phrase Sentence Meaningful units (290,500) meat, pumpkin. Words Smallest meaningful units (100,000) un, for . Morphemes Basic sounds (about 40) ea, sh . Phonemes Composed of two or more words (326,000) meat eater. Composed of many words (infinite) She opened the jewelry box. 8 Grammar A system of rules in a language that enables us to communicate with and understand others. Grammar Syntax Semantics 9 Semantics Set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences. For example: Semantic rule tells us that adding ed to the word laugh means that it happened in the past. 10 Syntax The rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences. For example: In English syntactical rule is that adjectives come before nouns; white house . In Spanish it is reversed; casa blanca . 11 When do we learn language?...
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myers32 - 1 Language and Thought Module 32 2 Language Our...

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