myers33 - Introduction to Intelligence Module 33 1...

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1 Introduction to  Intelligence Module 33
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2 Intelligence What is Intelligence? Is Intelligence One General Ability or  Several Specific Abilities? Emotional Intelligence Intelligence and Creativity Is Intelligence Neurologically  Measurable?
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3 Intelligence Do we have an inborn general mental capacity  (intelligence) and can we quantify this capacity as a  meaningful number?
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4 What is Intelligence? Intelligence  (in all cultures) is the ability to learn  from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge  to adapt to new situations.  In research studies,  intelligence  is whatever the  intelligence tests measure … which tends to be  school smarts.
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5 Conceptual Difficulties Psychologists believe that intelligence is a concept  and not a “thing.” When we think of intelligence as a trait (thing) we  commit to an error called  reification  — viewing an  abstract immaterial concept as if it were a concrete  thing.
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6 Controversies about Intelligence Despite general agreement among psychologists  about the nature of intelligence, there are two  controversies that remain: 1. Is intelligence a single overall ability or several  specific abilities? 2. With modern neuroscience techniques can we  locate and measure intelligence within the brain?
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7 Intelligence: Ability or Abilities? Have you ever thought that since people’s mental 
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Ennis during the Winter '09 term at Waterloo.

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myers33 - Introduction to Intelligence Module 33 1...

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