Myers36 - Introduction to Motivation Module 36 Motivation...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Motivation Module 36 Motivation Motivation is a need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it towards a goal. Aaron Ralston's Story of Survival Alan Ralston was motivated to cut his arm to free himself from a rock that pinned him down. Alan Ralston A P P h o t o / R o c k y M o u n t a i n N e w s , J u d y W a l g r e n Perspectives on Motivation Four perspectives to explain motivation include: 1. Instinct Theory. 2. Drive-Reduction Theory. 3. Arousal Theory. 4. Hierarchy of Motives. Instincts & Evolutionary Psychology Instincts are complex behaviors that have fixed patterns throughout species and are unlearnt (Tinbergen, 1951). Where the woman can build different kinds of houses the bird builds only one kind of nest. A r i e l S k e l l e y / M a s t e r f i l e T o n y B r a n d e n b u r g / B r u c e C o l e m a n , I n c . After spending years in the ocean, a mature salmon swims...
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Myers36 - Introduction to Motivation Module 36 Motivation...

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