Myers43 - 1 Stress and Illness Module 43 2 Stress...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Stress and Illness Module 43 2 Stress Psychological states cause physical illness. Stress is any circumstance that may be real or perceived and threatens ones well-being. When severe stress is felt it impairs our ability to cope with it. L e e S t o n e / C o r b i s 3 Stress and Causes of Death Prolonged stress together with unhealthy behaviors can increase our risk for today's four leading diseases. 4 Behavioral Medicine Centers for Disease Control (CDC) proclaim that half of the deaths in the US are due to peoples behaviors (smoking, alcoholism, unprotected sex, insufficient exercise, drugs and poor nutrition). Psychologists and physicians have thus developed an interdisciplinary field of behavioral medicine that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge. 5 Health Psychology Health psychology is a field of psychology that contributes to behavioral medicine. The field studies stress-related aspects of disease and asks: 1. How do emotions and personality factors influence risk of disease? 2. What attitudes and behaviors prevent illness and promote health and well-being? 3. How our perceptions determine stress? 4. How can we reduce or control stress? Compared to a century ago, A. deaths are more likely to be lifestyle-related. B. fewer deaths are related to heart disease. C. fewer deaths are related to stress. D. the leading cause of death is chronic lung disease. 7 Stress can be adaptive in a fearful (stress causing) situation we can run away and save our lives. Stress can be maladaptive if it is prolonged (chronic stress) it increases the risk of illness and health problems. Stress and Illness 8 Stress and Stressors Stress is a slippery concept. At times it is the stimulus (missing an appointment) and at other times it is a response (sweating while taking a test). 9 Stress and Stressors Stress is not merely a stimulus or response, it is process by which we appraise and cope with environmental threats and challenges....
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Myers43 - 1 Stress and Illness Module 43 2 Stress...

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