Myers47 - Contemporary Research on Personality Module 47 1...

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1 Contemporary Research  on Personality Module 47
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2 The Trait Perspective An individual’s unique constellation of durable  dispositions and consistent ways of behaving (traits)  constitutes his personality. Examples of Traits Honest Dependable Moody Impulsive Allport & Odbert (1936), identified 18,000 words  representing traits.
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3 Personality Type Personality types, assessed by measures like the  Myers- Briggs Type Indicator,  consist of a number of traits, e.g.,  Feeling type personality is sympathetic, appreciative and  tactful. More research is needed on this popular test’s  validity. Sympathetic Appreciative Tactful Feeling Type Personality
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4 Exploring Traits Factor analysis is a  statistical approach used  to describe and relate  personality traits. Cattell used this approach  to develop the 16  Personality Factor (16PF)  inventory. Raymond Cattell (1905-1998)
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5 Personality Dimensions Hans and Sybil Eysenck suggested that personality  could be reduced down to two polar dimensions,  extraversion-introversion  and  emotional stability- instability .
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Biology and Personality Personality dimensions are influenced by genes.  1. Brain-imaging procedures show that extraverts seek  stimulation because their normal brain arousal is  relatively low.  2. Genes also influence our temperament and behavioral  style. Differences in children’s shyness and inhibition  may be attributed to autonomic nervous system  reactivity.
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7 Assessing Traits Personality inventories  are questionnaires (often  with true-false or agree-disagree items) designed to  gauge a wide range of feelings and behaviors  assessing several traits at once.
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8 MMPI Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory  (MMPI)  the most widely researched and clinically  used of all personality tests originally developed to  identify emotional disorders.
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