Myers53 - 1 The Psychological Therapies Module 53 2 History...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 The Psychological Therapies Module 53 2 History of Insane Treatment Maltreatment of the insane throughout the ages was based on irrational views. Many patients were subjected to strange, debilitating and downright dangerous treatments. T h e G r a n g e r C o l l e c t i o n T h e G r a n g e r C o l l e c t i o n 3 History of Insane Treatment Pinel in France and Dix in America founded humane movements to care for the mentally sick. h t t p : / / w w w i h m . n l m . n i h . g o v Philippe Pinel (1745-1826) Dorthea Dix (1745-1826) C u l v e r P i c t u r e s 4 Therapies Psychotherapy involves an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and a mental patient. Biomedical therapy uses drugs or other procedures that act on the patient’s nervous system curing him of psychological disorders. An eclectic approach uses various forms of healing techniques depending on the client’s unique problems. 5 Psychological Therapies We will look at four major forms of psychotherapy based on different theories on human nature: 1. Psychoanalytical theory 2. Humanistic theory 3. Behavioral theory 4. Cognitive theory Your therapist asks you to try to remember your dreams. He also encourages you to review incidents in early childhood. Your therapist is most likely practicing: A. Freudian therapy. B. cognitive therapy. C. behavior therapy. D. humanistic therapy. While focusing on several intrusive thoughts that had been bothering her recently, Jenny was instructed by her therapist to report any ideas or memories stimulated by these thoughts. Jenny’s therapist was making use of a technique known as: A. active listening. B. free association. C. systematic desensitization. D. transference. 8 Psychoanalysis The first formal psychotherapy to emerge was psychoanalysis developed by Sigmund Freud. Sigmund Freud's famous couch E d m u n d E n g l e m a n 9 Psychoanalysis: Aims Since psychological problems originate from repressed impulses and conflicts in childhood, the aim of psychoanalysis is to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness where the patient can deal with them. When energy devoted to id-ego-superego conflict is released, the patient’s anxiety lessens. 10 Psychoanalysis: Methods Dissatisfied with hypnosis, Freud developed the method of free association to unravel the unconscious mind and its conflicts....
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Ennis during the Winter '09 term at Waterloo.

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Myers53 - 1 The Psychological Therapies Module 53 2 History...

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